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What are the trading hours for the commodity market?

This often comes as a surprise to people starting out in commodity trading – the hours are different. They’re longer, and they stay open until pretty late at night. In this article, we will tell you everything there is to know about the timings of the commodity market and major recognised holidays.

Commodity market hours

Like stock trading, commodities are traded only on weekdays, not weekends. Hence, you can only trade from Monday to Friday every week from 09:00 AM in the morning to 11:30 PM at night. 

Here’s a table for your reference:

Commodity CategoryTrade start time (IST)Trade end time (after start of daylight savings in the US) (IST)Trade end time (after end of daylight savings in the US) (IST)
Internationally referenced non-agro commodities09:00 AM11:30 PM11:55 PM
Trade modification11:45 PM11:59 PM
Position limit11:45 PM11:59 PM

Commodity market holidays

Here’s the list of trading holidays that are recognised every year. These days could fall on weekdays, which means you can’t trade on those days. Sometimes, they also fall during the weekends when trading is suspended anyway.

  • Republic Day (26th January every year)
  • Good Friday (variable during March or April, next year on Friday, 29 March 2024)
  • Mahavir Jayanti (variable during March or April, next year on Sunday, 21st April 2024)
  • International Labour Day (1st May every year)
  • Independence Day (15th August every year)
  • Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti (2nd October every year)
  • Christmas (25th December every year)

Clearing holidays

Apart from regular holidays when trading is completely stopped, there are also clearing holidays when markets operate as usual, but banks don’t. This means that trades made on that day aren’t cleared immediately; they’re deferred till the next banking day.


Commodity markets stay open longer because commodities are impacted a lot by government policies, economic indicators, and natural disasters. When these changes occur in specific commodity-producing regions, the market has to allow time for participants to respond to these changes and for the market to price it in. That’s the biggest reason commodity markets stay open for longer.


When is the Indian commodity market closed?

Indian commodity markets remain open for trading on all weekdays except Saturday, Sunday, and declared market holidays. These holidays are declared every year on the official website for reference.

When did the commodity market start in India?

In India, commodity trading began with the set-up of the first organised commodity trading centre, i.e the Bombay Cotton Trade Association in 1875 which laid the foundation of futures trading in India. Gradually, derivatives were developed for a broad basket of commodities.

Are commodities open 24 hours in India?

No, the commodity markets follow specific timelines. These are from Monday to Friday from 9 am to 11:30/11:55 pm. Trading doesn’t happen on Saturdays and Sundays and on certain holidays, the details of which you can get on MCX’s website.

What is the largest commodity in India?

Silver and gold are by far the most heavily traded commodities in India on the MCX. Others also include copper and zinc.

Which commodity is not listed on the MCX?

The MCX provides for online commodity trading in several different categories of commodities, except rice.

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