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What you need to know about shout options?

An option is a financial derivative that provides the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset at a specified price on or before a certain date. 

Options that deviate from standard contracts in aspects like strike prices or expiration dates are known as exotic options. These options offer more complex features tailored to specific investment needs.

One such type of exotic option is the shout option, which allows more flexibility in securing profits during the option’s life. Dive deeper into how shout options work and their strategic benefits in this blog.

Basics of shout options

A shout option is a specialised type of options contract. In these contracts, the buyer has the unique ability to lock in profits on an asset before the contract’s expiration. This feature is particularly useful for managing risk as it allows the buyer to secure gains from price increases of the underlying asset before the end of the option’s term.

In shout options, the buyer communicates, or “shouts,” to the seller the intrinsic value they wish to secure. This action does not end the contract but guarantees a minimum profit, even if the asset’s value later declines. Should the asset’s value increase after the shout, the buyer remains eligible to benefit from further gains.

Shout options can serve as a form of insurance for investors. They are often used alongside other options and spread strategies to manage exposure to market volatility. This can be a strategic approach to safeguard investments, particularly in unpredictable markets.

Shout options pricing

The pricing of shout options is heavily influenced by several key factors, such as the underlying asset’s current price, the option’s time to expiration, and the level of market volatility. Higher volatility increases the value of shout options because it raises the probability that the asset’s price will move favourably, giving the holder more chances to “shout” or lock in a profit.

Shout options are also path-dependent. This implies that their value is contingent not only on the underlying asset’s final price at expiration but also on the course the asset’s price takes over the option’s duration. Each opportunity to shout adds potential value, making these options pricier than their standard counterparts.

Shout options pricing often has a different structure compared to standard options. This difference is mainly due to the extra flexibility shout options offer, allowing holders to lock in gains at various points during the contract’s term. This flexibility can lead to a higher premium than regular options because it adds a layer of insurance against market volatility.

It’s important to note that shout options can be less volatile, and thus may have less extrinsic value than traditional options. This is because the ability to lock in profits can reduce the uncertainty about the final payoff, making these options less risky and less expensive in terms of time value.

Types of shout options

Shout options are differentiated mainly by the direction in which they expect the market to move. Shout call and shout put options are the two main categories. Both types allow the holder to lock in gains or hedge against losses before the option’s expiry.

Shout call options

Traders who think the underlying asset’s price will climb will benefit from a shout call option. The buyer of a shout call option has the choice, but not the obligation, to purchase the asset at the agreed upon price. 

The unique feature of this type of option is the ability to “shout” or lock in the intrinsic value if the asset’s price rises above the strike price at any point before the expiry. This action ensures a certain level of profit even if the market later reverses. 

For example, if Mr. Arjun buys a shout call option on YYY Ltd with a strike price of ₹300 and the stock rises to ₹320, he could shout to lock in the ₹20 gain per share. If later the stock price falls below his strike price, the early shout still secures him a portion of the gains.

Shout put options

Conversely, a shout put option favours those expecting a decline in the market price of the underlying asset. It gives the owner the right to sell the asset at a fixed strike price. 

Similar to the call option, the put option holder can “shout” to lock in the intrinsic value if the asset’s price drops below the strike price before the contract expires. This feature is advantageous during volatile market conditions where early gains from price drops can be secured against future uncertainty. 

For instance, if Ms. Neha purchases a shout put option on ZZZ Ltd with a strike price of ₹300 and the stock price drops to ₹280, she could shout to lock in the ₹20 per share decline. This ensures she retains some of the profits even if the stock price later rebounds above her strike price.


Shout options provide a versatile tool for traders to manage risks and capitalise on market movements. By allowing the locking in of profits at optimal times, they offer a strategic advantage in both bullish and bearish scenarios, making them an essential component of sophisticated trading strategies.


What is the payoff of the shout option?

The payoff of a shout option combines the flexibility of standard option benefits with an added feature: the ability to lock in profits at one or more points before expiration. If the market price moves favourably, the holder can “shout” to secure a minimum profit, which becomes guaranteed, regardless of subsequent price movements. At expiration, the payoff is either the locked-in value or the standard option payoff based on the final market price and the strike price, whichever is higher.

What is a shout call?

A shout call is a type of options contract that allows the holder to lock in a profit during the option’s term if the price of the underlying asset rises above the strike price. This feature provides the flexibility to “shout” and secure gains at favourable moments without exercising the option immediately. The option remains active even after a shout, allowing potential further gains if the asset’s price continues to increase. 

What is a strike option?

A strike option likely refers to the “strike price” of an option, which is a fundamental term in options trading. The strike price is the predetermined price at which the holder of the option can buy (in the case of a call option) or sell (in the case of a put option) the underlying asset, such as stocks, at or before the option’s expiration date.

What is an example of a shout option?

An example of a shout option is a trader purchasing a shout call option on a stock with a strike price of ₹500. If the stock price rises to ₹550, the trader can “shout” to lock in a profit of ₹50 per share without closing the position. If the stock price continues to rise, further gains can still be realised. Conversely, if the stock price drops after the shout, the trader has already secured the ₹50 gain, minimising potential losses.

What is shout in finance?

In finance, a “shout” refers to a feature in shout options, a type of exotic option. It allows the holder to lock in a certain profit level on the underlying asset before the option expires. The holder can “shout” at any point when the market price is favourable, securing a guaranteed minimum profit while keeping the option open for potential further gains. 

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