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The essential guide to the collar options strategy

Options trading gives traders flexibility to manage risks and profit from market moves. One powerful strategy of this kind is the collar options trading strategy, which suits both beginners and experienced traders. 

Collars are a combination of stock purchases with protective put purchases and covered call writing. In the following article, we will introduce you to its meaning, advantages, and disadvantages as well as how it can improve your options trading efforts.

What is collar options strategy?

Collar strategy options trading is a risk management technique used in options trading. It’s about keeping shares in the underlying asset, buying a put option, and, at the same time, selling a call option on that particular asset. 

The collar option trade strategy aims to limit possible losses while reducing potential gains. The put option acts as an insurance policy that protects against price drops. 

The call option, sold for upfront income, agrees to sell the asset at a specific future price. In this case, it can protect against large losses but still limit the upside potential for profit. It’s often used when traders are optimistic about a stock long-term but worry about short-term volatility.

How does a collar options strategy work?

A Collar Options Strategy, also known as a hedge wrapper or risk-reversal, protects against significant losses and limits your potential profits. It’s typically used when you’re optimistic about a stock you own long-term but worry about short-term volatility in the market.

Here’s how it works:

  • Buy an out-of-the-money put option: This is like having insurance on your stock. If the stock’s price declines, you can sell it at a preset price, protecting you from significant losses.
  • Write an out-of-the-money call option: Here, you agree to sell your stock at a specific price in the future. In return, you get paid now. This payment can assist in offsetting the cost of spending on the put option bought earlier.

The most ideal situation for a trader happens when the stock’s price equals the call option’s fixed price which they sold at around its expiry date. While the collar options strategy can protect against significant losses, it limits potential gains.

Please note that both the put and the call options should end in the same month, and you should have the same number for each.

Now let’s consider a collar option example.

Suppose you are holding a long position on an asset that has just recently appreciated to a price of Rs. 100. If you’re uncertain about whether prices will stay stable in the near future, you might consider using a collar strategy.

You purchase a put option with a strike price of Rs. 90 at a premium of Rs. 5. This means if the stock price falls below Rs. 90, you can still sell it for Rs. 90, thus limiting your downside risk.

At the same time, you sell a call option with a strike price of Rs. 110. This means if the stock price rises above Rs. 110, the buyer of the call option can buy the stock from you at Rs. 110, thus limiting your upside potential.

In this way, the collar option strategy provides a safety net for both upward and downward price movements, ensuring that your financial risk is managed.

When you should use collar options strategy?

The Collar Options Strategy is typically used in the following scenarios:

  • Protecting gains:  Traders frequently use collar options when they own a stock that has increased in value since they purchased it. They believe the stock may continue to rise but are uncertain about its short-term performance. To safeguard their profits from a potential drop in the stock’s value, they can implement the collar strategy.
  • Hedging risk: The collar options strategy can be a valuable tool when traders are looking to protect their stock from significant downside risk while still retaining upside potential. This strategy is especially useful in volatile markets or when there is uncertainty about the future direction of a stock.
  • Bullish but nervous: Use a collar option when you’re bullish on a stock you own but a little nervous. A collar option is particularly useful when you’ve experienced a significant stock value increase but want to protect yourself before considering selling.
  • Near retirement: Also, If you’re close to retiring, a collar option is an excellent way to limit your risk without resorting to buying bonds.

Remember, while the collar options strategy can protect against significant losses, it also limits potential gains.

Advantages of collar options strategy

The Collar Options Strategy is an advanced options trading strategy that has several advantages:

  • Minimizes risk: Potential losses can be offset by buying a put option and selling a call option simultaneously.
  • Cost-effective: It can be a relatively low-cost way to trade.
  • Income generation: The strategy can generate income by selling the call option.
  • Downside protection: It provides downside protection, particularly in volatile markets.
  • Flexibility: It can be a flexible strategy that allows you to take advantage of market volatility

Risks of collar options strategy

Like any financial derivative or options trading strategy, it carries its own risks:

  • Limited profit potential: If the stock price rises significantly, the trader may be obligated to sell the stock at the call option’s strike price, missing out on potential gains.
  • Potential losses: If the stock price falls below the put option’s strike price, the trader may still experience losses. However, the premiums earned from the covered call option might not be sufficient to cover the decline in the stock’s value.
  • Market volatility: This strategy is particularly useful in volatile market conditions, as it helps investors navigate fluctuations and uncertainties. However, it’s worth noting that extreme market volatility can still lead to significant losses.


The collar strategy helps you protect your capital while still letting you benefit from the stock market. Whether you’re just starting out or already know your way around trading, mastering this strategy can help you manage your portfolio better. If you want to learn more, check out StockGro.


How does the collar strategy protect against losses?

The purchase of protective puts provides a floor for potential losses by allowing the holder to sell the stock at a predetermined price, while the sale of covered calls generates income to offset the cost of the puts.

What are the benefits of using the collar strategy?

The collar strategy offers downside protection against market downturns while still allowing for some upside potential. It can also generate income through the sale of covered calls and helps to manage risk in volatile markets.

What are the drawbacks of employing a collar strategy?

One drawback is the capped upside potential due to the obligation to sell the stock at the predetermined strike price of the covered call. Additionally, the cost of purchasing protective puts can reduce potential profits.

How do you adjust a collar strategy if market conditions change?

Depending on market conditions, traders can adjust their collar strategy by rolling options positions, modifying strike prices, or adjusting expirations to adapt to evolving market dynamics and risk tolerance.

Is the collar strategy suitable for all traders?

While the collar strategy can be beneficial for traders seeking downside protection and income generation, it may not be suitable for those who prioritize unlimited upside potential or have a low-risk tolerance. It’s essential to consider individual investment objectives and risk preferences before implementing this strategy.

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