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7 Options trading strategies for beginners

If you’re new to the stock market or trading world, terms like “Option Strategies” may sound complex, but don’t worry – we’re here to simplify it for you. 

An option is a contract allowing traders the right but not obligation to buy or sell an underlying asset, like a stock or index, at a predetermined price within a specified timeframe, with the buyer paying a premium to the seller. Option strategies are very crucial to make option trading profitable. 

In this blog, we’ll explore some essential options trading strategies that every trader should have on their radar.

Understanding the basics of option trading

Let’s break down the basics. There are two components of option trading: call and put. 

A call option grants the holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy an underlying asset at a predetermined price within a specified timeframe. This can be advantageous when a trader anticipates an underlying asset’s price to rise.

On the flip side, a put option provides the holder the right, without obligation, to sell an underlying asset at a predetermined price within a specified period. This proves beneficial when expecting that the price of an underlying asset will fall.

Calls for buying and puts for selling – simple concepts that will come in handy while understanding option strategies.

Best option trading strategies you should know

Here are some great options trading strategies you can explore. 

1. Strangle option strategy

The strangle option strategy is a versatile options trading approach designed for highly volatile markets. Traders implementing this strategy simultaneously purchase a call and a put option with different strike prices but the same expiration date. 

The objective is to profit from significant price movements, regardless of the direction. If the underlying asset experiences a substantial price swing, one of the options should gain value, compensating for the loss on the other. 

This strategy offers potential returns in scenarios where the market undergoes notable fluctuations within the specified timeframe. This makes it one of the best option trading strategies.

2. Straddle option strategy

Ideal for volatile markets, the straddle option strategy involves simultaneously purchasing a call and put option with the same strike price and expiration date. 

Traders anticipate a significant price movement but remain indifferent to the direction. If the underlying asset makes a substantial move, profits come from one of the options, offsetting the loss in the other. 

This strategy capitalizes on heightened market volatility, making it suitable for uncertain market conditions where predicting the direction of the price movement is challenging.

3. Covered call strategy

The covered call strategy involves selling call options on stocks you already own. This strategy aims to generate additional income by collecting premiums from selling the calls. 

By doing so, traders capitalize on stable or slightly bullish market conditions, as the stock price ideally remains below the call’s strike price. 

While providing income, the strategy may limit potential gains if the stock price surges significantly. It’s a conservative approach that provides a consistent income stream while allowing for potential capital appreciation from the underlying stocks.

4. Protective put strategy

The protective put strategy is a risk-management technique where a trader buys a put option alongside holding the underlying asset. This safeguards the trader from potential losses by providing the right to sell the asset at a predetermined price within a specified timeframe. 

If the market experiences a downturn, the put option’s value increases, offsetting losses on the underlying asset. 

While this strategy incurs an initial cost (the put option premium), it acts as an insurance policy, ensuring a minimum selling price for the asset and offering peace of mind against adverse market movements.

5. Iron condor strategy

This strategy is a neutral options approach designed for stable markets. Traders sell out-of-the-money call and put options simultaneously, creating a “condor” shape on the options chain. 

The goal is to capitalize on low volatility, with the underlying asset’s price staying within a defined range until options expiration. 

This strategy allows for limited risk and capped profit potential, making it a popular choice when anticipating minimal price fluctuations in the market.

6. Butterfly option strategy

The butterfly spread or butterfly option strategy involves three strike prices. 

A trader simultaneously buys one lower strike call (or put), sells two middle strike calls (or puts), and buys one higher strike call (or put), all with the same expiration date. This strategy combines both bull and bear spreads, aiming to profit from low volatility.

This strategy thrives in a stable market, with limited risk and potential for a modest return if the underlying asset remains within a specific price range at expiration.

7. Collar strategy

A protective measure for traders, the Collar Strategy involves simultaneously buying a protective put and selling a covered call on an existing asset. 

This combination limits both potential gains and losses, providing a stable risk-reward profile. The protective put acts as insurance against downside risk, while the covered call generates income. 

This strategy is suitable for conservative traders seeking to safeguard their trades while maintaining some income generation through option premiums. 

It essentially puts a financial “collar” around the asset, defining a restricted price range for potential movements.

Factors to consider while choosing an option trading strategy

Choosing the best option trading strategy requires careful consideration of various factors to align with your financial goals, risk tolerance, and market outlook. Here are key factors to consider:

1. Strike selection

Strike selection involves choosing between In-the-Money (ITM), At-the-Money (ATM), or Out-of-the-Money (OTM) options. 

In-the-Money options have intrinsic value, At-the-Money options have strike prices close to the underlying asset’s current price, and Out-of-the-Money options rely primarily on time value. 

The decision impacts cost, probability of profit, and risk-reward ratios in an option trading strategy.

2. Volatility expectations

Volatility expectations are crucial when choosing an option trading strategy. Compare implied and historical volatility to gauge potential market movements. 

High volatility may favour strategies like straddles, while low volatility may suit strategies such as iron condors. 

Aligning your strategy with prevailing volatility conditions improves the effectiveness of your options trades.

3. Risk tolerance

Consider your risk tolerance—how much risk you’re comfortable with. Opt for strategies aligning with your risk appetite, as some involve higher risk for potential returns, while others prioritize capital preservation. 

Assessing and understanding your risk tolerance is crucial in choosing an option trading strategy that suits your financial goals and comfort level.

4. Time horizon

Consider your time horizon when choosing options trading strategies. Assess whether you’re aiming for short-term gains or have a longer-term trading outlook. 

Short-term strategies may capitalize on immediate market movements, while long-term strategies align with extended trading horizons. This influences the selection of options with appropriate expiration dates and risk management techniques.


Learning options trading strategies like strangle, straddle, and butterfly is vital for traders. Experimenting with these techniques helps find the best fit for individual trading styles and goals. Keep exploring and gaining knowledge to enhance your skills. 

Remember, there’s no one-size-fits-all strategy, so stay curious and keep adapting. For more insights, stay tuned for more blogs from StockGro. 


What are options in stock trading?

Options are contracts giving an option buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell the underlying stocks or indices at a pre-set price within a specified period. The option seller receives a premium in return. 

When are call and put options use? 

Call options are contracts placed to leverage the rising trend in underlying assets. Put options are used when expecting a price drop in underlying assets. These options form the basis of many option trading strategies.

How do beginners start with options trading?

Beginners should first understand the basics of call and put options. Start with simple strategies like buying calls or puts based on market predictions, and gradually explore more complex strategies as you gain experience.

What’s a safe strategy for conservative option traders?

Covered calls are ideal for conservative traders. This strategy involves selling call options on underlying stocks you own, providing profit via premiums and is less risky as you’re dealing with underlying assets you already hold.

How can traders profit in volatile markets with options?

In volatile markets, strategies like Strangle or Straddle can be effective. They involve buying both call and put options to profit from significant market movements, regardless of the direction.

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