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The Complete Guide to NFO – New Fund Offer

The concepts of mutual funds and asset management companies are well-known to all of us. While mutual fund companies pool money from investors, asset management companies manage these funds, by diverting them into different investments.

When such companies need capital to continue their daily operations, they sometimes resort to raising funds from the public through the process of NFO.

In today’s article, let us understand what is NFO in the stock market and the types, pros and cons of NFOs.

What is NFO?

The full form of NFO in the stock market is the New Fund Offer.

When asset management companies create new mutual funds and launch them to raise capital from the public, they are called new fund offers.

The meaning of NFOs is similar to IPOs. However, the owners of NFOs are generally asset management companies that raise funds to invest in shares of other companies.

NFOs are usually offered at ₹ 10 per unit. So, an investor wanting to invest ₹ 10,000 can buy 1,000 units of the fund.

Types of NFO

Now that we know what is NFO in the mutual fund world, let’s understand the different types of NFOs:

  • Open-ended mutual funds – These are mutual funds with no restrictions on entry and exit. Investors can subscribe or unsubscribe themselves from the fund at any time, i.e., they can buy and sell their units at any time, at the Net Asset Value (NAV) prevailing in the market.

NAV: The value of a fund’s assets minus its liabilities per unit.

  • Close-ended mutual funds – These funds come with a maturity date. The new fund offers under this scheme are open for a stipulated period only. Post the expiry, investors cannot enter or exit from the mutual fund.
    Investors interested in trading must wait for the fund to get listed on the stock exchange and trade directly on the exchange.
  • Exchange-traded funds – These NFOs are listed in the stock market and are traded similarly to regular stocks on the exchange. 
  • Interval funds – This is a combination of open and close-ended funds. They are usually closed but open only during specific intervals where investors can enter and exit.

Pros and cons

NFO’s benefits:

  • New fund offers provide diversification of investments. The asset management company diverts the funds into shares of different companies in varied sectors.
  • Professionals possessing a thorough knowledge of the market manage these funds. Hence, they are relatively lower in risk than trading directly in the stock market.
  • One unique feature of NFO is the price at which investors can enter into the funds. Since the price per unit is as low as ₹ 10, the profit margins can be high.
  • Asset management companies offer different funds with varied features. So, investors have a variety of options to choose from, based on their requirements and goals.

Disadvantages of investing in new fund offers:

  • Since asset management companies offer these funds with specialised services, the overall cost of investment in these funds is high. While the cost to invest in shares is low, the associated fees like legal fees, fund manager’s fees, etc., are high.
  • These are new funds with no background. Hence, it is difficult to determine if the funds will work well and be profitable.


New fund offerInitial public offering
NFOs are new mutual funds raised by asset management companies.IPOs are stocks issued by companies listed on the stock exchange.
Transactions happen through asset management companies in most cases.Transactions directly take place on the stock exchange.
The price per unit is generally fixed, at ₹10.The price per unit depends on various factors like the company’s financial health, past performance, competitors, etc.
The purpose of raising funds is to invest them in stocks and debts offered by public companies.The purpose of raising funds is to take care of operations, repay loans and manage the business.
Investing in NFOs is less risky.Investing in an IPO is relatively more risky.


The details of NFOs are available on the official website of the Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI). They are also available on individual websites of mutual fund companies and other financial portals like Moneycontrol.

NFOs provide benefits in terms of flexibility, diversification and return on investments. But the risks and expenses they possess are high, too. While it may seem like a cheaper option than trading on the stock market, it is not always the case.

Some asset management companies invest heavily in marketing and publicity of these funds to attract investors. These costs are charged back to the investors.

Some brokers also demand a percentage of the profit apart from the brokerage fee. Hence, it is necessary for investors to analyse their options in depth before making any investments.


How do I choose a good NFO?

To choose a good NFO, besides the expected rate of returns, the following points must be considered:
Reputation of the asset management company
Creditworthiness of the asset management company, since there are no past records
Investment cost and minimum subscription, as it affects the profits
Details of the fund, such as risks, types of securities, returns, etc
The lock-in period, as the investor will not be able to exit during this tenure

When can I withdraw my NFO?

The timeline to withdraw funds differs from one NFO to another based on the fund’s terms and conditions. If the fund is open-ended, investors can exit anytime after paying the exit load as set by the mutual fund company. If it is a close-ended fund, investors cannot exit the fund until the date of maturity.

Is it better to invest in NFO or existing mutual funds?

Whether you want to invest in an NFO or mutual fund depends on your risk tolerance. NFOs are beneficial since the cost of investment is lower than that of existing funds. However, there is no history about how the asset management company has handled funds in the past. So, it is like investing in the dark. If you are ready to take that risk, NFO might be suitable for you.

Which is better: IPO or NFO?

Again, the choice between NFO and IPO depends on the individual’s risk tolerance. Unlike NFOs, IPOs do not have professional management. Also, IPO is specific to one stock, while NFOs provide more diversification. Hence, investing in an IPO is riskier. However, the returns from an IPO investment are also higher as compared to that of an NFO investment.

Which NFO is open now?

Following is the list of NFOs that are currently active. The list of active NFOs and the details of each of them is available on the AMFI portal.
Tata Nifty Auto Index Fund
Tata Nifty Financial Services Index Fund
Tata Nifty MidSmall Healthcare Index Fund
Tata Nifty Realty Index Fund
Tata Nifty500 Multicap India Manufacturing 50:30:20 Index Fund
Tata Nifty500 Multicap Infrastructure 50:30:20 Index Fund
TRUSTMF Flexi Cap Fund

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