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What is Stock Margin?

The concept of buying a margin stock involves borrowing a certain part of the money from a stockbroker to purchase stock. With a margin account, increasing purchasing power enables an investor to utilise someone else’s money for increasing financial leverage. Compared to traditional trading, stock margin trading offers higher profit potential but has some risks. 

Furthermore, purchasing stock margins intensifies the effect of a loss. Also, a broker might issue a margin call, too. It necessitates liquidating your position in stock or putting forward more capital to keep your investment. 

This post will take you through a complete description of what is margin stock and its advantages. 

What do you mean by Stock Margin?

The world of finance has several terminologies that often overwhelm a beginner. One such term is stock margin, so you might wonder what is margin stock. In the stock market, margin trading is the act of borrowing a certain amount of money from a stockbroker. This amount will be used for purchasing stocks. You take this amount on credit from a broker and invest it in a particular security or stock. The permitted margin will be dependent on the stock and the broker. 

The mechanism of margin stock enables investors to obtain more shares than they may afford with their own money. This intensifies the purchasing power effectively. The margin loans, also known as borrowed funds, act as the loan’s collateral since the purchased stocks protect them. 

Margin stocks enable you to leverage loaned funds to gain profits that are quite higher than the interest you must pay for the loan. Moreover, the leverage essential margin in stock market may enhance your returns with a rise in stock price. Nevertheless, the same leverage may worsen the losses if there’s a decline in stock prices. This is one such risk involved in margin stocks that you must be aware of. It primarily arises because an investor is liable to repay a margin loan without considering the performance of the stock. 

How Buying Stocks on Margin Works?

Usually, an investor’s brokerage account is accessed to get funds when they make a stock purchase. Depending on the stock price and the quantity of shares bought, the cash amount ensures 100% of the total cost of the acquisition.

Buying securities or equity shares using borrowed funds from a broker is known as margin trading. The investor can purchase more shares than they otherwise could have with the funds in their account by taking out a loan. The investor is required to repay the loan as well as the interest that the broker assessed.

The process of margin stock trading entails opening a margin account, which is not the same as the standard cash account kept at a brokerage house. The stocks or assets kept in the margin account serve as security for the margin loan. But not every security can be bought using margin in stock market.

Advantages of Stock Margin

Stock margin is popular and appealing since it provides investors with several benefits, such as:

  1. Managing a bigger stake in the market than what your available cash would allow is one of the main advantages of stock margin. You can potentially diversify your portfolio and take advantage of new investment possibilities thanks to your greater buying power.
  2. Your earnings will be computed based on the entire position value, not just your original cash investment, if the value of the assets you buy using margin rises. Higher percentage gains may arise from this as opposed to trading only using your capital.
  3. With margin stock trading, you may act rapidly to seize market opportunities without having to wait for more money to become available. 
  4. By allowing investors to distribute their funds over a wider variety of investments, stock future margin can assist investors in diversifying their portfolios. 
  5. Margin accounts give investors the opportunity to short-sell, a tactic that lets them benefit from a security’s drop in price. By selling and borrowing stocks, investors can profit from declining stock prices. 

Relation Between Stock Margin & Margin Trading

Now that you know what is stock margin, take a closer look at how stock margin and margin trading are related. 

As you have previously observed, the sum of money you borrow from your broker to buy shares is known as the stock margin. On the other hand, borrowing money from a stockbroker and using it to buy shares is known as margin trading.

Stockbrokers do not always provide investors with a margin trading facility (MTF). Additionally, the interest rates you receive on stock margins could differ between brokers. You may be required to pay pledge creation and withdrawal fees and interest. 

Key Points To Consider When Trying Margin Trading

  • Be a responsible investor: Margin trading is only appropriate for cautious investors. Never forget that using a margin in stock market to trade can increase gains and losses. Thus, before making investing decisions, consider your risk tolerance. In addition, you still have to fulfil your position’s stock margin prerequisite. Therefore, always ensure you have enough money to cover the margin call and endure any brief move against the position.
  • Be sensible when using credit: It is best to borrow less than the amount you are allowed to. In particular, if you are a beginner in margin trading, you must start modestly and progressively raise the stock futures lot size and margin of your investment.
  • Pay back credit at the earliest: Margin is similar to a loan in that interest is charged on borrowed money. Until you pay back the credit you borrowed, interest charges are charged to your account. Your debt load rises as interest rates keep going up. Interest rates rise in tandem with debt levels, and so on. Therefore, in order to avoid paying extra interest, it is advised that you pay off the balance as soon as possible.


You have to understand margin trading and margin stock today. Trading on margin includes a number of disadvantages in addition to its many benefits. Short-term trading is better suited for this facility. This is due to the fact that your interest expenses will probably increase the longer you hold the stock you bought on margin. Furthermore, you may incur larger losses if the market goes against your position since you will have to pay interest on top of the company’s decrease in value.

Having said that, you might be able to increase the return on your investment by using stock future margin wisely. 


Is Margin Trading Good for Beginners?

Margin stock purchases are not appropriate for novice investors. It is critical to comprehend the hazards and make sure that the margin loan does not surpass the investor’s capacity for loan repayment.

Is buying stock on margin too risky?

When you purchase a stock on margin, the stock futures lot size and margin of your stake grows. As a result, both gains and losses increase. Your portfolio is now at a higher risk as a result of this. The danger increases with the margin in relation to your own money.

How is the stock margin calculated?

Stock margin, i.e. the margin required to buy a stock, can be calculated by multiplying the number of shares by the price as well as the margin rate.  To know how to calculate closing stock using gross profit margin can use a margin calculator to calculate F&O margins.

Why do I need margin to sell stocks?

Selling margins are required to cover risks such as adverse price fluctuations, incomplete deliveries, poor quality deliveries, and delivery process errors.

What is the stock margin rate?

Margin rates represent the cost of borrowing for an investor on an outstanding margin loan. The margin rate, which varies depending on the brokerage, usually corresponds to the call money or broker call rate that is in effect at the time. This is the interest rate at which the bank charges the broker for the funds utilised to finance margin loans to investors.

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