Home » Personal Finance » Exploring the Swavalamban Pension Yojana Scheme: Features and benefits

Exploring the Swavalamban Pension Yojana Scheme: Features and benefits


The Swavalamban Pension Yojana Scheme, introduced by the Indian Government in 2010, aims to offer retirement benefits to workers in the unorganized sector. During the fiscal year 2022, more than 4 million individuals enrolled in the National Pension System (NPS) via the government’s Swavalamban Yojana. This scheme is offered to a large portion of India’s workforce, such as farmers, construction workers, street vendors, and domestic helpers, who typically don’t have access to standard social security programs.

In this article, we will understand what is Swavalamban Pension Yojana scheme, its benefits, features, and more.

What is Swavalamban Pension Yojana scheme?

The Swavalamban Pension Yojana scheme is offered by the Indian government to help people who work in the unorganized sector, like farmers, construction workers, and street vendors, save for their retirement. This scheme is now known as Atal Pension Yojana (APY).

It encourages individuals to save money for retirement and the government also added some funds to help it grow faster. To be eligible, individuals must be Indian citizens with either a savings bank account or a post office savings bank account. While it’s recommended to provide Aadhaar and a mobile number during sign-up, it’s not required.

Swavalamban Pension Yojana features

Here are the key features of this scheme. 

  • Who can join: Anyone between 18 and 40 years old can sign up. This is the age range when most people in the unorganised sector work.
  • Receive pension: Once you turn 60, you’ll start getting a regular pension from the money you saved. This gives you financial support when you’re not working anymore. If you change jobs or move to a different place, you can still keep adding to your pension fund and get your benefits later on.
  • Tax benefits: The money you save for your pension can help you save on taxes, which is another advantage of joining the scheme.
  • Including everyone: This scheme aims to make sure everyone, even those in informal jobs, can have some financial security for their old age.

By encouraging people to save for their retirement, the scheme promotes a habit of saving money, which is important for a stable future.

Overall, the Swavalamban Pension Yojana Scheme is meant to help people who work in informal jobs plan for a secure retirement, showing that the government cares about the well-being of all its citizens.

Swavalamban Pension Yojana Benefits?

The Swavalamban Pension Yojana aimed to provide financial security to economically weaker sections in India, including:

  • Self-employed individuals: This group comprised entrepreneurs, freelancers, and small business owners without formal job benefits. The scheme motivated them to save for retirement.
  • Farmers: These were agricultural workers often facing financial uncertainty due to fluctuating incomes. The scheme offered them a means to save for retirement.
  • Labour-class individuals: This category included daily wage workers, labourers, and those in the unorganized sector with limited access to pension plans. The Swavalamban scheme was crucial for their financial stability.

By focusing on these vulnerable groups, the Swavalamban Pension Yojana aimed to narrow the retirement savings gap and promote financial inclusivity. Although the scheme has been discontinued, its impact on encouraging savings remains noteworthy.

How does the Swavalamban Pension Yojana work?

The goal of the Swavalamban Pension Yojana is to ensure financial stability for economically disadvantaged groups in India. 

Investment amount:

Opening an account with just Rs. 100 is all it takes for eligible candidates to join the Swavalamban Pension Scheme. While there is no mandatory yearly contribution, depositing between Rs. 1,000 and Rs. 12,000 annually could fetch a government contribution of Rs. 1,000.

Involvement of the bank:

While not entirely reliant on a bank account, having one offers advantages as investment contributions are channelled through bank accounts.

Target beneficiaries:

The scheme primarily aims at economically weaker sections, including farmers, self-employed individuals, and labourers.

Investment pattern:

There are no specific constraints on the contribution amount directed towards the Swavalamban Pension Yojana.

It’s important to note that this scheme was discontinued in 2016, and replaced by the more comprehensive Atal Pension Yojana. Despite its limitations, Swavalamban Pension Yojana was vital in fostering retirement savings in the unorganized sector.


The Swavalamban Pension Yojana Scheme was a big step by the Indian government to help workers in informal jobs save for retirement. It aimed to support people like farmers and labourers, encouraging them to save money for their future. Although the scheme ended in 2016, it was important for promoting saving money for retirement among those who needed it most. To know more, subscribe to StockGro.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Atal Pension Yojana?

The Atal Pension Yojana (APY), previously known as the Swavalamban Yojana (SY), is a government-supported pension plan in India designed for those in the informal sector. Its main goal is to ensure financial stability for these workers after they retire. 

Swavalamban Yojana is aimed at which individuals?

This scheme is aimed at people who work in the unorganized sector, like farmers, construction workers, and street vendors, saving for their retirement.

Does Swavalamban Yojana offer tax benefits? 

Yes, based on your investments and overall income flow, you can enjoy tax benefits with this scheme 

When was the Swavalamban Yojana started?

The Government of India introduced the Swavalamban Yojana in 2010, which was later replaced by Atal Pension Yojana in 2016. The Pension Fund Regulation and Development Authority of India (PFRDA) oversees this scheme.

What is the age criteria for the Swavalamban scheme?

 If you’re between 18 and 40 years old, you can sign up for this government scheme. 

Enjoyed reading this? Share it with your friends.

Post navigation

Leave a Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *