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Everything you need to know about dividend growth rate

In the stock market, understanding the dividend growth rate is important. It helps investors figure out how much a company’s dividends are increasing over time. Dividends are a source of regular income for investors. Assessing their growth rates is important for identifying a company’s financial health. Let’s understand dividend growth rate in detail:

Understanding dividend growth rate:

The dividend growth rate is an annualised percentage rate of growth. It shows how much a stock’s dividend increases every year. Companies try to raise their dividends regularly. Knowing this rate is important for stock valuation models called dividend discount models.

A company’s dividend growth rate shows its capacity to enhance dividend payouts to shareholders over time. It is expressed as a percentage. It is derived by comparing current and previous dividends per share.

There are two types of dividend rates to determine growth. You can calculate stock price with dividend and growth rates.

High dividend growth rates:

A high dividend growth rate shows a consistent increase in dividend payments. It indicates stability and potential for further income growth. Such stocks often offer reliable income streams. It may attract investors seeking assurance.

Low dividend growth rates:

A low dividend growth rate reflects a company’s inability to sustain dividend increases. It can potentially signal operational difficulties. This may deter investors due to perceived instability. It leads to decreased shareholder value over time.

How to calculate dividend growth rate in stock markets?

Calculating the dividend growth rate in stock markets is essential for investors to assess the performance of their investments. You can compute this rate using either the arithmetic mean or the compounded method calculation.

Arithmetic mean method:

Step 1: Gather information about dividend payments over a period, usually found in a company’s annual reports.

Use the formula G1 = D2/D1 – 1, where 

G1 represents the periodic dividend growth.

D2 is the dividend payment in the second year.

D1 is the previous year’s dividend payout. 

For example, if a company paid Rs 10,000 in dividends in 2010 and Rs 10,500 in 2011, the growth rate would be calculated as (10,500/10,000) – 1 = 0.05 or 5%.

Step 2: Determine the number of years for which dividend growth rates are provided, denoted as ‘n’ in the formula. In the given example, n = 4 years.

Step 3: Use the formula:

Dividend Growth Rate = (G1 + G2 + G3 … + Gn) / n to find the average growth rate. 

For instance, if the dividend growth rates for four years are 5%, 9.52%, 1.74%, and 6.84%, the arithmetic average would be (5% + 9.52% + 1.74% + 6.84%) / 4 = 5.78%.

Compounded method:

Step 1: Find the initial dividend payment (D0) and the most recent dividend payment (Dn) from the company’s annual report.

Step 2: Calculate the number of years (n) between the initial and final dividend payments.

Step 3: Use the dividend growth rate formula:

Dividend Growth Rate = ((Dn/D0)^(1/n)) – 1 to compute the compounded annual dividend growth rate. 

For example, if a company’s dividend payments over five years were Rs 18,200, Rs 19,800, Rs 21,800, Rs 24,000, and Rs 27,200, the calculation would be ((27,200/18,200)^(1/4)) – 1 = 10.57%.

By following these methods, investors can determine the dividend growth rate for their investments, providing valuable insights into the performance and potential returns of their stock holdings.


In conclusion, grasping the concept of dividend growth rate in stock markets is essential for investors seeking to make informed investment decisions. By considering these factors, investors can navigate the complexities of the stock market with confidence and enhance their chances of achieving financial success. To learn more, read StockGro blogs. 


What Is considered a good dividend growth rate?

A good dividend growth rate varies depending on the investor’s goals and the company’s industry. Generally, a consistent and sustainable dividend growth rate of 5% to 10% per year is considered favourable. However, some investors may seek higher growth rates, especially from companies in fast-growing sectors or with strong financial stability.

How does the dividend growth rate affect stock price?

The dividend growth rate can influence a company’s stock price in several ways. When a company increases its dividends, it signals financial health and confidence in future earnings, which often attracts investors. Consequently, increased demand for the stock can drive up its price. 

How is dividend yield different from dividend growth?

Dividend yield and dividend growth are two distinct measures used to evaluate dividend-paying stocks. Dividend yield represents the annual dividend payment as a percentage of the stock’s current price, indicating the income generated from owning the stock. On the other hand, the dividend growth rate measures the percentage increase in dividends over time, reflecting the company’s ability to increase payouts to shareholders.

Do dividends grow annually?

Dividends do not necessarily grow annually, as it depends on the company’s financial performance and dividend policy. While many established companies aim to increase dividends consistently, some companies may maintain or even decrease dividends in challenging times, while others may raise dividends annually.

What is an average dividend growth rate?

The average dividend growth rate refers to the average annual percentage increase in dividends over a specified period, typically measured over several years. Investors use this metric to assess a company’s dividend performance and consistency.

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