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Falling three methods: Understanding market signals

Technical analysis involves the examination of screens containing chart patterns, graphs, and other diagrams. The purpose is to determine the price and volume trends and then choose stocks accordingly.

The basis of technical analysis is derived from the belief that historical price trends repeat over time. Experienced traders use various technical factors to anticipate the future direction of a stock’s price. It helps in determining when a trader should enter into or leave a trade.

Candlestick charts are among the technical analysis tools used in evaluating shares as well as market trends. This blog post will cover one frequently occurring candlestick pattern called Falling Three Methods. However, let us first understand what candlestick charts are all about.

What are Candlestick Charts?

Candlestick charts are a financial chart type that is used to represent price movements of a security, derivative or currency and originated from Japan. 

Each ‘candlestick’ exhibits four price points: open, close, high, and low over a given period. The ‘body’ is the range between the opening and closing prices, while “shadows” represent the highest price traded and the lowest price traded.

For short-term predictions on prices, traders use these charts in order to establish patterns. The body colour reflects whether the close was higher (generally green or white) or lower (typically red or black) than the open.

What is the falling three methods candlestick pattern?

The falling three methods candle pattern is a bearish continuation pattern that emerges during a downtrend, suggesting that the current downward momentum is likely to persist. 

It’s made up of five candles, with two long candlesticks in the direction of the trend at the beginning and end, and three shorter counter-trend candlesticks in the middle. 

The first candle is bullish, reflecting the existing upward momentum. The fifth candle closes at a new low. 

So how long does falling three methods last? The Falling Three Methods can last for five or more trading days. The pattern is widely utilized in technical analysis to identify potential continuations of existing downtrends.

It indicates that the current falling prices may rise for some time but will fall again in the future as the downtrend has not ended. It also shows traders that bulls are not yet convinced enough to reverse the trend. Active traders can use it as a signal for the initiation of short positions.

Characteristics of falling three methods

Here are its key characteristics:

  • Existing downtrend: The pattern forms during a clear and established downtrend.
  • Long bearish candle: The pattern starts with a long bearish (downward) candle, which is in line with the existing downtrend.
  • Three small bullish candles: This is followed by three small bullish (upward) candles. These candles are contained within the range of the first bearish candle.
  • Second long bearish candle: The pattern concludes with a second long bearish candle. This candle should close below the first bearish candle, indicating that the downtrend is likely to continue.

This pattern is significant because it shows traders that the bulls still don’t have enough conviction to reverse the trend. It is used by certain active traders as a sign that they should start making new short positions or add to their existing short positions. 

As with all technical analysis tools, it’s important to use the falling three methods candle pattern in conjunction with other indicators for confirmation.

How to trade the falling three methods

Traders often utilize the Falling Three Methods pattern by opening short-selling trades. When spotting this pattern, they anticipate a brief halt in the downtrend, followed by its continuation. They typically enter a trade at the close of the last candlestick. 

Moreover, those aiming to secure profits and exit the trade might consider doing so during the temporary uptrend. However, there are two key factors to ponder before trading based on the Falling Three Methods pattern:


It’s smart to wait for confirmation before trading the Falling Three Methods candlestick pattern. This is because the actual market situation might not perfectly match the pattern’s ideal scenario. Sometimes, even after seeing the pattern, the market could continue in an uptrend. 

So, it’s crucial to observe the five bars and then choose the best entry and exit points. This confirms the broader bearish trend and reduces the risk in your trades.


Before trading the Falling Three Methods candlestick pattern, it’s crucial to consider the trading volume. This pattern signals a bearish trend and may prompt traders to enter short-selling positions. 

However, it’s advisable to confirm this by ensuring that the volume of the three small green candles is lower than the volume of the two preceding long red candles.

Benefits of Falling Three Methods Candlestick

Here are some benefits of recognizing and understanding the Falling Three Methods pattern:

1. Bearish reversal signal

The Falling Three Methods pattern signals a potential reversal of an uptrend, making it a valuable bearish reversal signal. It typically forms with five candles: a long bearish candle followed by three smaller bullish candles and another long bearish candle. 

2. Confirmation of downtrend

When spotted following a consolidation within a downtrend, it validates the downward momentum. This confirmation aids traders in maintaining short positions or initiating new ones, aligning with the prevailing bearish sentiment. 

3. Visual clarity

Visually distinct, this pattern consists of five consecutive candles: a long bearish candle followed by three smaller bullish candles and another long bearish candle. 

Its clear structure aids in easy identification on price charts, assisting traders in spotting potential bearish reversals or confirmations of downtrends without requiring extensive analysis.

4. Profit potential

Identifying the Falling Three Methods signals potential profit opportunities by suggesting short positions or exiting long ones. Traders act swiftly as the pattern unfolds, capitalizing on market reversals or continuing downtrends. 

This timely recognition helps in maximizing profit potential and optimizing trading strategies.


Knowing about the Falling Three Methods pattern can help you trade more wisely. You can navigate the stock market better by spotting how it forms and what it suggests. Just remember, while this pattern is helpful, it’s best to use it with other tools for a full picture. For learning more, check out the StockGro blogs.


How do you identify the falling three methods pattern?

Look for a long red candlestick followed by three smaller green candles, all contained within the high and low of the first candle.

What does the falling three methods pattern indicate?

This pattern suggests a potential continuation of a downtrend, as it reflects a temporary pause or consolidation before the downward movement resumes.

Can the falling three methods pattern occur in any timeframe?

Yes, the pattern can appear on charts of various timeframes, from intraday to weekly, but its significance may vary based on the timeframe.

Is the falling three methods pattern always reliable for trading decisions?

Like any technical analysis tool, the Falling Three Methods pattern should be used in conjunction with other indicators or confirmation signals for more solid trading decisions.

How can I use the falling three methods bearish pattern in my trading strategy?

Consider using the pattern as a signal to enter short positions or to confirm bearish sentiment in conjunction with other technical analysis tools, such as trendlines or support/resistance levels.

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