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Demystifying Nifty index fund: A step-by-step guide to direct investment

The Nifty 50 Index has provided a net total return of approximately 27.99% in the past year and around 16.23% compounded annually over the past five years (as of February 29, 2024). That is an impressive performance, isn’t it?

Now, think about the potential of investing in all these top-performing companies. But wait, wouldn’t that require a huge capital? Not necessarily! Here’s where the Nifty Index Fund comes into play. This fund allows you to invest in all these companies at a fraction of the cost, providing a cost-effective way to tap into the growth of India’s top companies.

By defining the Nifty 50 Index Fund, outlining its benefits as an investment option, and providing a step-by-step process, this article aims to remove the mystery of investing directly in the Nifty index fund.

What is a Nifty 50 index fund?

Mutual funds that strive to mimic the performance of one of India’s most prominent stock market indices, the Nifty 50 index, are called Nifty index funds. The 50 biggest and most actively traded companies on the exchange make up the Nifty 50 index, which is a weighted average of their stock prices.

By investing in a Nifty Index Fund, you can acquire a portion of the National Stock Exchange’s top 50 companies. This is achieved without the need to individually purchase each company’s stock, making it a more affordable option. 

According to NSE, these are the 12 companies that have been a part of the index since its inception.

Nifty index funds differ from actively managed funds in their investment approach. While actively managed funds rely on stock selection by fund managers to outperform the market, Nifty index funds simply track the performance of the Nifty index. Their goal is to track the market’s movements rather than attempt to out-market it.

The word “passive” is crucial here. Nifty index funds are more cost-effective than actively managed funds due to their lower expense ratios, which are a result of the fund’s lack of market-beating strategy.  

How is the Nifty 50 value computed?

Market capitalisation in free-float is used to determine the Nifty 50, according to the NSE. 

Multiplying a company’s share price by the market’s available shares yields its free-float market capitalisation. In contrast to the full-market capitalisation method, which takes into account all of the active and inactive shares, the free-float method does not include locked-in shares, like those held by promoters or governments.

Nifty 50 Index Value=(Current market capBase market cap)1000

This formula is used to find the Nifty 50 index fund value, where

  • The current market cap is the total market value of all the index’s constituents at the time of calculation
  • The base market cap is the sum of the market values of all the underlying assets of an index as of the base date, which is November 3, 1995.

How to invest in the Nifty 50 index directly?

Now, let’s delve into how to invest in the Nifty 50 index. Investing straight into a Nifty Index Fund is made easy with these step-by-step instructions:

Step 1: Get a trading account and a demat account

Before you can put money into a Nifty 50 index fund, you need to open a demat and trading account with a broker that is registered with SEBI. Your investments will be kept in this account in digital form.

Step 2: Complete the KYC process

You are required to complete the Know Your Customer (KYC) process prior to making any investments. It requires showing proof of identity and a PAN card.

Step 3: Choose a Nifty index fund

After that, pick a Nifty index fund to put your money into. There are different funds, and each has its own tracking error and expense ratio. Examine your investing objectives carefully and select the one that best suits them.

A few issuers of the Nifty 50 index funds include: 

Step 4: Invest in a Nifty 50-index fund

You can invest in a fund straight from your trading account after you’ve made your selection. All you have to do is look for the fund, input the amount you want to invest, and then confirm the purchase.

Step 5: Monitor your investment

After investing, it is critical to monitor your investment regularly. By keeping an eye on how the Nifty 50 Index is doing, you can make any required revisions to your investment plan.

Tips to invest in Nifty 50 index fund

After learning how to invest in index funds in India, now let’s look at a few tips for successful investment.

Long-term investment: If you are looking to invest for the long haul, index funds are a good fit. Exercising patience is crucial.

Regular investments: If you would like to invest regularly and with discipline, you might want to look into a systematic investment plan (SIP).

Diversification: Although diversification is offered by Nifty Index Fund, it is advisable to spread your investments across various asset classes for maximum benefit.

Understand the market: Continue to monitor economic indicators and market trends.


One possible strategic step towards reaching your financial objectives is to invest directly in a Nifty index fund. It provides an easier way to join India’s top 50 companies thanks to its built-in diversification and low cost. 

The keys to successful investing are having patience, investing regularly, and knowing the market.


What is the main disadvantage of index funds?

The main disadvantage of an index fund is its lack of flexibility. Since it’s designed to track a specific index, the fund manager cannot adjust the holdings based on market conditions or their insights. This means if the index performs poorly, the index fund will too. Additionally, index funds may not offer the potential for high returns compared to actively managed funds that outperform the market.

Is it OK to only invest in index funds?

Yes, it’s okay to only invest in index funds, especially for beginners or those seeking diversification and lower costs. However, they lack the potential for outperformance that actively managed funds might offer. Also, they’re subject to market risks and don’t provide flexibility to adjust to changing market conditions. Therefore, it’s important to consider your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon before deciding your investment strategy.

Are index funds 100% safe?

While index funds are generally considered a safer investment compared to individual stocks due to their diversification, no investment is 100% safe. Index funds are subject to market risk, meaning if the market declines, the index fund will also decline. Therefore, it’s important to understand your risk tolerance and investment goals before investing in index funds.

How do I choose an index fund?

Choosing an index fund involves several factors:
Investment goals: Choose a fund that aligns with your financial goals and risk tolerance.
Expense ratio: Lower expense ratios typically mean higher returns for you.
Fund size: Larger funds tend to be more stable.
Tracking error: This measures how closely a fund follows its index. Lower tracking error is better.
Fund house reputation: Consider the reputation and reliability of the fund house. Remember, every investment should be made after thorough research.

What is the gift Nifty index?

The GIFT Nifty index, rebranded from SGX Nifty, is a financial index that serves as an indicator of the Indian stock market. It’s a dollar-denominated index derivative contract that tracks the performance of the Nifty 50 index. It’s traded on the NSE International Exchange (NSE IX) located at GIFT City in Gujarat, India. This strategic move aimed to strengthen India’s financial sovereignty.

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