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Stock liquidity: what is market liquidity?

There are several vital aspects related to financial markets that you should familiarise yourself with. It is extremely important when entering the world of trading. Market liquidity is one such crucial aspect of the stock market. Large-cap stocks predominantly constitute the most liquid assets, but market liquidity impacts various aspects. It instils the ease of executing transactions to the potential profit gained from your investments.

It is essential to comprehend what is liquidity in stock market and assess whether marketplaces are characterised by liquidity or illiquidity. For instance, understanding the liquidity of the stock market is fundamental. To delve into this, let’s begin by exploring the concept of market liquidity itself.

Here’s more on what is liquidity in stock market and how to measure it. 

What is liquidity?

Many individuals wonder what is liquidity in stock market. Liquidity is the measure of how easily an asset can be bought or sold at consistent prices. Transactions occur when demand and supply are in equilibrium—more buyers than sellers result in a reduced supply, while an excess of sellers over buyers indicates insufficient demand. Specific market conditions can lead to lower liquidity.

In simpler terms, high liquidity stocks in India refers to the degree to which a particular asset can be quickly bought or sold in the marketplace at a price reflecting its intrinsic value. Cash is considered the most liquid asset due to its rapid convertibility and ease of transition into other assets. On the other hand, tangible goods like fine art, real estate, and collectables tend to be relatively illiquid. Various financial assets fall at different points along the liquidity spectrum, ranging from stocks to partnership units.

Two primary indicators of liquidity are:

1. Market liquidity

Market liquidity pertains to the ease with which assets can be bought and sold in a market, whether it’s the stock exchange of a nation or the real estate market of a city, at consistent and transparent prices. In contrast, the market for exchanging freezers for old books is so impractical that it essentially does not exist.

Conversely, the stock market exhibits a higher level of stock market liquidity. When an exchange experiences a substantial volume of transactions not driven by selling pressure, the bid price (the amount a buyer is willing to pay per share) and the asking price (the value a seller is willing to accept) will be closely aligned.

2. Accounting liquidity

Accounting high liquidity stocks in India assesses an individual’s or a company’s capacity to meet financial obligations effortlessly, relying solely on liquid assets or commodities at their disposal. It gauges their aptitude to settle and manage debts promptly as they come due.

Why is market liquidity important?

Now that you understand the meaning of stock market liquidity, it’s time to learn why this idea is crucial. First and foremost, market liquidity is vital as it dictates how quickly and easily you may get into and exit deals. A market that is liquid has enough players to make transactions easy, making it simpler to acquire or sell assets.

This is especially crucial if you want to get out of a position and the market is trending badly. For example, you may readily sell shares of a firm that might be heading in a path that results in losses if the stock market liquidity is strong. If the liquidity is insufficient, though, it could be difficult to get out of the trade, and you might have to incur more losses than you bargained for.

Additionally, buyers and sellers may locate participants who are eager to deal at their preferred rates more easily in liquid marketplaces. So, buyers in a liquid market will not have to endure acquiring assets at higher prices, and sellers in a liquid market will not have to discount the price of the assets they’re selling substantially.

Consequently, it’s also crucial to remember that a tighter bid-ask spread occurs in markets with high liquidity stocks in NSE. Put otherwise; there is less of a discrepancy between the highest price a buyer is ready to pay and the lowest price a seller is willing to accept for the item.

How does liquidity affect stocks?

When purchasing stocks, a market maker will likely be involved. These businesses provide the market with bid-and-ask pricing. These represent the prices at which they are prepared to purchase (bid) or sell (ask) company shares.

Market makers offer a lower price for buying shares and a higher price for selling in order to benefit from the trade and safeguard themselves from losses. The bid-ask spread is the difference in price between these two. This is why you must how to know if a stock is liquid.

A liquidity stock list will often have a tighter spread the more liquid it is. This is due to the fact that market makers will have less chance of being stuck with an undesired position in the stock and will be able to purchase and sell quickly. 

On the other hand, market makers might not always be able to turn their stock holdings into cash if the stock has insufficient liquidity. As a result, the spread will often be greater, allowing the market maker to profit from each sale and lower the risk associated with trading that stock.

How to use liquidity in trading?

Liquidity must be considered while trading financial markets before any position is formed or cancelled. This is due to the fact that higher risk is frequently linked to a shortage of liquidity.

Closing a position may be more challenging if there is market volatility but fewer buyers than sellers. You run the danger of being locked into a losing position in this scenario, or you may have to visit several parties at various rates in order to get your order filled.

One technique to know how to know if a stock is liquid and mitigate liquidity risk is through the use of guaranteed stops, a sort of stop-loss that assures your trade is terminated at your pre-selected price level. As guaranteed stops are unaffected by market volatility, they can be a helpful tool for managing unpredictable markets. You would have to pay a modest charge, though, if your guaranteed stop is activated.

The most crucial thing to keep in mind is that market liquidity is dynamic and ranges from high to low on a dynamic scale. A number of variables, including transaction volume and time of day, influence the location of a market on the spectrum.

You may discover that there are fewer market players and, thus, significantly less liquidity if you are trading on an off-hours or foreign market. For instance, during Asian trading hours, there may be reduced liquidity on GBP forex pairings. Spreads may become more expansive as a result, compared to European trading hours.


To access the money you accumulate, markets, people, and even corporations need liquidity. However, if it does not work well for them and is not turned into income right once, they may encounter some difficult situations. There may be distressed asset sales in order to satisfy high liquidity stocks in NSE demands. Of all assets, money is the most liquid, whereas tangible goods are less liquid. An individual or business must have sufficient cash on hand as an asset to cover its responsibilities during a crisis. Real estate and other tangible assets are all less liquid than the previously listed ones.


Is market liquidity good or bad?

Market liquidity has only benefits. To guarantee that traders may effectively initiate and exit their positions and take advantage of narrowing bid-ask spreads, the financial markets actually require liquidity. In other words, market liquidity really makes investment less expensive.

What is the stock market liquidity indicator?

Price impact metrics, turnover ratios, and bid-ask spreads are among the metrics. They measure many dimensions of market liquidity, including immediacy, depth, breadth, resilience, and tightness (costs).

What is good market liquidity?

A high level of liquidity stock list in the underlying market is indicative of a high volume of purchase and sell orders. This raises the likelihood that the lowest price a seller is willing to take, and the greatest price a buyer is willing to pay will converge.

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