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The role of the National Stock Exchange (NSE) in stock market transactions

The financial market is constantly growing, with more and more investors entering the area, especially in the stock market. The stock market has around 80 million unique investors.

Well, we believe now that stock market investments are famous. But what is the base for all these transactions? Of course, the stock is one. The other component equally essential for trading and investing is the stock exchange. 

Stock exchanges are platforms that allow trading and investing in stocks. It is where all transactions begin and end. So, understanding what is NSE and BSE, along with their roles is crucial before one begins trading. Today’s article focuses entirely on the National Stock Exchange.

What is NSE?

Founded in 1992, the National Stock Exchange is one of India’s two most popular stock exchanges. It provides a platform for traders and investors to buy and sell shares. It is also the largest global derivatives exchange with respect to the number of contracts.

NSE has the credit of being the first Indian exchange to begin an electronic trading facility. In 2022, NSE saw 2.7 crore unique investors trading in the equity market. 

The role of NSE

  • The NSE acts as the backbone of capital markets in the country by facilitating companies to list themselves to raise money from the public.
  • Provides investment options to investors across various asset classes like debts, bonds and equities, offering different risks and returns.
  • Following the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) guidelines, the NSE ensures fair and efficient trading practices with transparency across all trades.
  • The NSE plays a significant role in improving the country’s economy by adopting international standards and practices.

How to buy shares on NSE?

Investors cannot directly trade on the stock exchange as it requires special memberships and access. Hence, every trader interested in the stock market must open an account with a SEBI-registered broker. These brokers provide a trading platform to investors and charge a certain percentage of the transaction value as a commission.

  • Choose a brokerage firm and register with them to open a demat account. A demat account helps you store your trades in an electronic format.
  • Open a trading account if the broker has not opened it already with the demat account. Trading is essential in buying and selling shares.
  • You must ensure your broker has registered with the NSE platform to trade shares listed on the NSE.
  • You can initiate stock market trades once your demat and trading accounts are active. Look for the available options in the brokerage portal and order to buy or sell.
  • If your order matches a counter order, your transaction gets executed.

Some basic parameters to analyse the performance of stocks listed on the NSE

  • Advance and decline on NSE

The advance-decline ratio is a mathematical tool used by technical traders to analyse the direction of price movements in the stock market. The ratio considers the closing price of stocks today against the previous day’s closing price. If the current closing price exceeds the previous close, the stock is said to have advanced. Else, it is said to have declined.

The number of advances is divided by the number of stocks declining. If the number is more than 1, it suggests that the number of stocks increasing in price is high, indicating a bullish market. When the ratio is less than 1, it hints that the number of stocks declining is high, suggesting a bearish market. 

Also read: < Insert Advance-Decline Ratio blog>

  • NSE candle chart

Candlesticks chart patterns are among the most used methods in technical analysis. Each candlestick considers four price points – high, low, open and close. Each candle formed at every interval suggests how the prices are moving. Traders use these candles to study the price fluctuations of stocks in the market.

Coming to NSE particularly, the stock exchange uses various market indices like NIFTY 50 (to represent the performance of the top 50 stocks), Bank NIFTY (showing the performance of bank stocks), etc. Analysing the candlesticks of these indices helps traders examine the performance of different sectors and the whole market.

  • NSE delivery percentage

The delivery percentage in the stock market refers to the percentage of securities traded on a delivery basis compared to the total quantity of shares traded. It excludes intraday trades as they square off on the same day.

Analysing this percentage helps in understanding investor sentiments. When the delivery percentage of a stock is high, it suggests that the number of investors for the stock is higher than the number of traders.


The NSE is a popular exchange not just in India but globally. It is instrumental in helping companies raise capital through the public and provides investors with a profitable avenue to grow their wealth.


What do we mean by NIFTY?

NIFTY is a combination of two terms – National Stock Exchange and Fifty. It is a benchmark index representing the performance of the top 50 stocks listed on the NSE based on their market capitalisation.

What are the benefits of listing with NSE?

NSE is the largest stock exchange in India and among the top 10 global exchanges. So, listing on the NSE gives companies national and international visibility, along with attracting investors worldwide. It also provides a settlement with guarantee and ensures fair trading practices for shares listed on NSE.

How can I get listed in NSE?

Companies can list themselves through an IPO or a new listing upon fulfilling the eligibility requirements. If the company is going public for the first time, it can adopt the IPO way. If it is already listed on another exchange, the listing can be transferred to NSE through the New Listing option.

Is NSE going to be listed?

NSE’s shares are currently not listed. The organisation is in talks with India’s Securities and Exchange Board to complete the listing procedure. Once listed, investors can not only buy the shares of other companies on the NSE but can directly buy NSE’s shares, too. Also, BSE is listed on NSE.

Is NSDL part of NSE?

Yes, NSDL is part of the NSE. National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) is the depository of NSE, which helps hold shares in a dematerialised form. NSDL plays a crucial role in the clearing and settling shares transacted through NSE.

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