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An overview of TRePs in mutual funds

How do TRePs shape your mutual fund investments? Let’s dive in.


Treasury Bills Repurchase (TRePs) is a simple short-term instrument in the money market where people can earn from their spare cash.

Mutual funds, known for pooling money to invest, often put money in TRePs to increase earnings for the people who have invested with them. Through this piece, we will look at why mutual funds choose TRePs and how this choice impacts the price of their shares.

What is TREPS?

Treasury Bills Repurchase (TREPS) is a short-term investment instrument utilized by mutual funds, banks, and financial institutions. In a TREPS deal, a party sells treasury bills to another, promising to repurchase them later at a preset price.

Being backed by government securities, TREPS is a safe investment choice. It’s attractive for short-term investors due to good returns and swift liquidity. 

Moreover, as per SEBI guidelines, mutual funds are required to allocate at least 5% of their assets in liquid assets like TREPS, thereby offering a safety measure of liquidity and return to their investors. 

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Why do mutual funds invest in TREPS?

Mutual funds opt to invest in TREPS (Tri-party Repo) for various reasons, chief among them being safety, liquidity, attractive returns, and abiding by regulatory rules.

TREPS involve buying government-issued securities, making them a secure investment choice. This safety allure draws mutual funds towards TREPS. Besides, TREPS provide quick liquidity, serving as a perfect spot for mutual funds to place their unused cash for short terms.

Unlike other short-term avenues like savings accounts or fixed deposits, TREPS often present better returns, swayed by ongoing market scenarios. When interest rates climb, TREPS potentially deliver higher returns, enabling mutual funds to profit more on their idle cash.

Furthermore, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) directs mutual funds to allocate a minimum of 5% of their assets in liquid assets like TREPS. This rule makes it essential for mutual funds to channel investments into TREPS.

The effect of TREPS investment on a mutual fund’s share price hinges on multiple aspects, such as the investment size and duration, market conditions at the time, and the fund’s overall asset distribution.

Investing in TREPS can positively influence a mutual fund’s share price. Firstly, higher returns from TREPS can push up the fund’s net asset value (NAV), possibly boosting its share price as investors might pay extra for a heightened NAV.

Secondly, TREPS, being a safer and liquid tool, help lessen the portfolio’s risk tied to other assets like equities or corporate bonds, aiding in portfolio stabilization and dampening market upheaval effects on the fund’s share price.

Also Read: Mutual funds or stocks: Which is a better investment?

On the flip side, a substantial investment in TREPS could cap the overall portfolio’s return capability, possibly leading to a share price dip if investors find the return prospect lower.

Benefits of Investing in TREPS

SafetyTREPS involve the purchase of government-issued securities, making them a secure investment choice.
LiquidityQuick and easy conversion to cash, allowing for better management of idle resources.
Attractive ReturnsDepending on market conditions, particularly higher interest rates, TREPS can offer good returns.
Regulatory ComplianceRecognized by SEBI as liquid assets, aiding in adherence to regulatory guidelines.
DiversificationProvides a safe and liquid option to diversify a portfolio, reducing overall risk.

Impact of TREPS on Share Market

Investing in TREPS by a mutual fund can result in a surge in its net asset value (NAV), thereby lifting the share price. This is due to the investor’s preference for mutual funds with a higher NAV as it hints at superior returns.

Acting like a shield, TREPS are famous for their safety and easy-selling features. They protect against risks found in other portfolio areas, and their stability can aid in mitigating market shake-ups, resulting in a favourable share price.

On the downside, if a mutual fund channels too much money into TREPS for an extended stretch, the earning potential might not be maximised. This scenario could pull the mutual fund’s performance down if investors suspect they can fetch better returns elsewhere.

Hence, although TREPS are a viable choice for short-term investments, the sum of money and the duration it’s kept in TREPS ought to be wisely strategised to ensure it resonates with the mutual fund’s ambitions and the prevailing market scenario.


A convenient and secure move for mutual funds is investing in Treasury Bills Repurchase (TREPS) for a fair return, easy access, and compliance with regulations.

Meanwhile, a Tri-party Repo (TRePs) is a type of repurchase contract which streamlines the process further by employing a “Tri-Party agent” as a mediator to handle transactions and improve collateral management.

Also Read: Dividend Reinvestment Plans (DRIPs) for long-term wealth creation!

This innovation not only elevates the bond market’s liquidity but also optimizes the use of underlying collateral, strengthening the hold of the term repo market in India. To make wise investment choices, investors must comprehend the impact of TRePS on NAV, given their significance to mutual funds.

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Akanksha Jha

With extensive writing experience and years deep in the stock market and fintech sectors, I excel at transforming intricate financial concepts into clear, actionable insights. I'm dedicated to guiding readers on their financial paths with confidence and clarity.

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