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Feeder fund: What you need to know before investing in it?

Feeder funds are specialised financial vehicles that can direct assets into more significant funds. This opens the doors for investors to access investments that are usually difficult to access.

In today’s article, we will go through the concepts of feeder and master funds in depth. Let’s begin!

What is a feeder fund?

Feeder funds are funds that invest in other larger funds. These funds might be debt or equity mutual funds. This is among the most unusual investment schemes investors will likely encounter.  

All investment decisions and trades for a master fund’s portfolio are made by a single investment adviser, who oversees a sub-fund network or feeder funds. 

Investors put money into the feeder fund as a first step in the master-feeder arrangement. After that, with the limited partnership/shareholder money that the feeder fund contains, it acquires “shares” of the master fund. 

The most notable distinction is that a feeder fund becomes eligible to earn dividends, interest, profits, tax modifications, and gains when it invests in a master fund.

Each feeder fund receives a percentage of the master fund’s earnings following the amount of investment funds it supplied to the master fund. Additionally, you may lower your trading and operational expenses by using a feeder fund-master fund set-up. The structure can be highly beneficial when it comes to mutual investing goals. 

Understanding master-feeder funds

The primary purpose of a feeder fund-master fund arrangement is to lower operational and trading expenses. The master fund can use economies of scale because of the substantial investment capital pool made available through multiple feeder funds. 

Companies receive cost benefits known as economies of scale as manufacturing gets more efficient. 

Because of this, it can run more smoothly than each feeder fund if it were invested separately. The feeder funds get a cut of the master fund’s profits according to the investment they put into the fund.

The net asset values (NAVs) of the many feeder funds that make up a master fund may vary widely depending on factors like investment minimums, expense fees, and other similar metrics. A master fund may take investments from many feeder funds, and vice versa; a feeder fund can invest in multiple master funds.

Benefits of a master-feeder structure

  • A master-feeder fund may save trading expenses by avoiding the requirement to separate tax lots through mirror portfolios.
  • A master-feeder arrangement makes it simpler to handle multiple portfolios.
  • The combined assets of the funds may be used to get better financing terms, such as increased leverage or reduced interest rates on borrowed securities. 
  • Asset managers may be able to reduce tax obligations while raising investor returns. One way to accomplish this is to set up a master fund in a country with low tax rates.
  • Investors can diversify their holdings across several asset classes and locations thanks to the framework. This may contribute to a lower overall risk.

Things to consider when investing in a feeder fund

  • You can use the feeder fund-master fund arrangement to create a more significant investment plan.
  • Investors at the feeder fund level pay all expenses, including management fees.
  • After the master fund makes a profit, the feeder funds get a portion based on the amount they put into the master fund.
  • One or more feeder funds may pool their resources to become a master fund.
  • The two-tier system helps you get economies of scale by giving you access to many financial funds. When the feeding funds work independently, it costs more for the master fund to run than when they work together.
  • When both the feeder and master funds have similar investing objectives and approaches, the two-tier structure may be quite beneficial. Nevertheless, a feeder fund with different investing objectives and strategies would not be well-suited to this structure.
  • Each fund—the feeder and the master—runs independently under the law. For instance, a master fund may receive investments from various sources by forming an offshore organisation. Furthermore, a feeder fund could put its money into many master funds.
  • Just as a feeder fund may put its money into several master funds, a master fund can also take money from multiple feeder funds. 


While volatility and currency risks remain part and parcel of global investing, feeder funds offer investors the chance to mitigate risks through diversification while leveraging the potential of international fund houses.

While feeder funds may add diversification to the portfolio, investors need to research thoroughly before investing through this route. 


Is feeder fund a good investment?

A feeder fund can be a good investment if you want to diversify your portfolio and access foreign markets without much hassle. However, you should also consider the fees, risks, and tax implications of investing in a feeder fund.

What is the difference between a fund and a feeder fund? 

A fund is a collective investment scheme that pools money from investors and invests in various securities, such as stocks, bonds, or commodities. A feeder fund is a type of fund that does not invest directly in securities but instead invests in a master fund, which makes the actual investments.

What is the difference between a feeder fund and a parallel fund?

A feeder fund is a fund that invests all or most of its assets in a single master fund. A parallel fund is a fund that invests alongside one or more other funds in the same portfolio of securities but maintains a separate legal structure and fee arrangement.

What are the disadvantages of feeder funds? 

Some of the disadvantages of feeder funds are:
Higher fees than direct investments
Currency risk from exchange rate changes
Regulatory risk from different laws and rules

What is an umbrella fund vs. master-feeder fund?

An umbrella fund has many sub-funds with different strategies and portfolios. It gives investors more options and variety than one fund. A master-feeder fund puts its money in another fund, the master fund, which invests it. It lets investors reach foreign markets or tax benefits through the master fund.

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