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Pennant Pattern

Chart patterns are one of the most important things in technical analysis, and they show how prices have been moving over time. This is because they give a clue on what could be the price movement in the near future. One of these patterns is pennant; it has unique features and is able to predict movements in prices. 

In this article, we will discuss the Pennant pattern, its meaning, function and how traders can gain from it by improving their trading plans and choices.

What is a pennant pattern?

The Pennant pattern is a technical analysis chart pattern formed when there is a significant price movement, followed by consolidation, and then a continuation of the previous trend. It looks like a tiny symmetrical triangle or flag and usually appears in strong trending markets. 

The Pennant pattern is defined by converging trend lines where prices oscillate within a narrowing range to form the shape of either a pennant or a small flag. 

This pattern shows a temporary pause or consolidation of the market before the continuation of the ongoing trend, giving traders the possibility of getting an entry or exit point.

Trading with pennant patterns

In order to perform trading through the pennant patterns, the traders should combine tools of technical analysis and risk management techniques. There are several ways in which traders can trade using pennant patterns. Here is how to trade pennant pattern:

  • Breakout strategy: Traders can simply wait for the price to break above the upper trend line for a bullish pennant pattern or below the lower trend line for a bearish pennant pattern. Once this breakout occurs, it can be seen as a signal to enter a trade in the direction that the price breaks out.
  • Confirmation indicators: Traders can make use of technical indicators such as oscillators, moving averages, or volume indicators in order to confirm the breakout signal. These indicators offer added proof of a potential trend continuation.
  • Stop loss and take profit levels: Managing risk and maximizing potential profits requires the use of the right stop loss and take profit orders. In the case of a bearish pennant, traders can place their stop-loss orders above its high or below its low in the event of a bullish pennant. This is pennant pattern target levels for stop loss. 

Characteristics of a pennant pattern

It is essential for traders to be aware of several key features associated with pennant patterns.

1. Short-term patterns

Pennant patterns are short-term formations that occur over a few days to weeks. They represent brief pauses in the market after a significant price movement. 

This pause allows the market to consolidate before continuing in the direction of the initial trend. This makes them valuable for predicting short-term price movements.

2. Decrease in volume

During the formation of a pennant pattern, trading volume typically decreases. This is because traders are uncertain about the market’s direction and are waiting for a breakout. 

The decreasing volume represents a period of consolidation in the market, where the forces of supply and demand are roughly balanced. Once the breakout occurs, volume usually increases again.

3. Converging trend lines

In a pennant pattern, the trend lines representing the highs and lows of the price converge, forming a triangular shape that resembles a pennant. 

This convergence signifies a narrowing price range, indicating a decrease in market volatility and uncertainty. It visually represents the market’s consolidation phase before a potential breakout.

4. Direction of breakout

The breakout from a pennant pattern typically occurs in the direction of the previous trend. This means if the price was rising before the pennant, it’s likely to continue rising after the breakout. 

Similarly, if the price was falling, it’s expected to continue falling. This characteristic makes pennant patterns useful for predicting future price movements.

Formation of Pennant patterns

Pennant patterns occur when a security undergoes a significant movement, called the flagpole, followed by a period of consolidation where trend lines converge—the pennant—leading to a breakout movement in the same direction as the initial large movement.

Here’s a more detailed explanation:

  1. Flagpole: The pennant pattern always begins with a flagpole, which is the initial strong move.
  2. Pennant formation: After the flagpole, the security goes through a consolidation period. During this period, the price movements form converging trend lines, creating a symmetrical triangle shape known as the pennant.
  3. Volume: The volume plays a crucial role in the formation of a pennant pattern. The start of the pattern requires high volume, while the volume should decrease as the pennant forms, followed by a significant increase in volume when the breakout occurs.
  4. Breakout: The breakout occurs after the consolidation period, where the price movement continues in the same direction as the initial flagpole.

Pennant patterns can be bullish or bearish. A bullish pennant occurs in strong uptrends and is confirmed by a break above the pennant, indicating a continuation of the bullish momentum. 

Conversely, a bearish pennant occurs in strong downtrends and is confirmed by a break below the pennant, indicating a continuation of the bearish momentum.

Many traders combine pennants with other technical analysis methods for confirmation. For instance, they might monitor the Relative Strength Index (RSI) to see if it moderates during consolidation and becomes oversold, signaling a possible upward move.


As you finish learning about the Pennant chart pattern, remember its importance in your trading journey. Understanding this pattern can help you predict future price movements more effectively. 

Whether you’re new to trading or have experience, using Pennant patterns in your strategy can lead to better decisions and potentially higher profits. To learn more about it, read blogs on StockGro


How do I identify a Pennant pattern?

To identify a Pennant pattern, look for a sharp price movement (flagpole), followed by a period of consolidation where the price forms converging trendlines. This consolidation phase should exhibit decreasing trading volume.

What does a Pennant pattern indicate?

A Pennant pattern suggests a brief pause in the market trend, often seen as a period of uncertainty or indecision among traders. It usually precedes a continuation of the prior trend, either upward or downward.

How can I trade using the Pennant pattern?

Traders often enter trades when the price breaks out of the Pennant formation, typically in the direction of the preceding trend. Stop-loss orders can be placed below the lower trendline (for a bullish Pennant) or above the upper trendline (for a bearish Pennant).

What are some common mistakes when trading Pennant patterns?

One common mistake is entering trades too early, before the breakout confirmation, which can lead to false signals and losses. Additionally, ignoring the overall market context and relying solely on the Pennant pattern can also be detrimental.

Can Pennant patterns occur in all financial markets?

Yes, Pennant patterns can occur in various financial markets, including stocks, forex, commodities, and cryptocurrencies. They are a result of market dynamics and can be found in both short-term and long-term price charts.

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