Have you noticed repetitive patterns in stock charts? They’re called flag patterns and are more than just designs. They help predict where prices might go next.
By acting as brief pauses, they signal that an existing trend may carry on. For traders, they’re like guiding stars, to identify and capitalise on the market waves, to get better returns. Curious? Read on to uncover their power.
What are flag patterns?
Stock charts are visual tools used to track the price of stocks over time. They offer traders insights into market trends and potential future price movements. One such insight is the flag pattern, a specific formation that stands out after significant price shifts.
When there’s a sudden jump or drop in stock prices, the market doesn’t always keep up the pace. It might take a short break, moving within a limited range. This momentary halt is what we term a flag pattern.
There are two primary types of flags: bullish and bearish. A bullish flag chart pattern hints that the stock prices might go up, while a bearish flag suggests a possible decline. But these aren’t prolonged patterns; they typically show up over short durations, ranging between five to 15 price bars.
One standout feature of flag pattern stock is its high risk-to-reward ratio. For traders, this implies the possibility of gaining substantial returns for a relatively minor risk.
To spot a flag pattern, watch out for these five elements:
- A strong price movement before the flag (the ‘pole’).
- The little pause moment (the ‘flag’).
- The pattern of trades happening during this pause.
- A sudden move in prices (breakout).
- A sign that prices are back to moving like they did before the pause.
However, it’s crucial to remember flag patterns are only a part of technical analysis. Combine other tools to ensure a holistic approach to stock trading.
Bear flag pattern
If you’re scanning stock charts and notice a bit of an upward tick following a big drop, you might be looking at what experts term a ‘bear flag pattern’.
When prices slide downwards, sometimes there’s a brief pause. Here, prices inch upwards for a bit, looking like a raised flag, forming what’s referred to as a flag and pole pattern. The initial drop represents the ‘pole’, while the gentle upward trend is our ‘flag’.
This pattern creates the pole when the asset price undergoes consecutive lower highs and even lower lows. Once the price reaches this new low, there’s a subtle pause. Prices might start to climb a little.
During this short upward trend, buyers might try their luck, attempting to push prices up. Their aim? To challenge the sellers and maybe reverse the trend. However, this results in prices moving within a narrow range or band.
Crucially, this uptrend is deceptive. It indicates that the stock prices, after a brief pause, might continue their southward journey. So, when you spot this pattern, it’s a hint: the prices might take another dive soon.
Bull flag pattern
During a strong upward price movement, there might be short periods where the price dips or moves sideways. This creates a pattern that looks like a flag. Here, unlike the bear flag the initial upward movement is termed the ‘pole’, and the downward movement forms the ‘flag’.
Volume, or the number of shares traded, plays a key role. During the formation of the flag, trading volume usually decreases. This simply means that those traders who played a role in the prior upward trend aren’t in a rush to buy or sell during this time. It’s like the calm before the storm.
Next comes the critical part: the flag breakout pattern. When the price breaks above the flag’s upper trendline, it signals the market’s next move. Due to “FOMO” – Fear of Missing Out most, investors dive in. This urgency increases the trading volumes. Strong volumes during this breakout can signify the likelihood of continued upward movement.
However, if this break occurs with low trading volumes, it can be a warning. The price might drop below the trendline again, cancelling the bullish continuation. So keep an eye on the volume.
Also read: An exploration of secondary market dynamics
Flag pattern trading
Trading with the flag candlestick pattern requires precision and understanding of the market’s pulse.
So when to trade? In a bull flag, traders can buy when the price breaks out above the flag’s resistance with strong volumes. On the other hand, a bear flag signals a potential sell opportunity when the price breaks below the flag’s support, reflecting a continuation of the downward trend.
When a flag pattern emerges amidst a pronounced market trend, it often indicates a prime trading opportunity. Such patterns can manifest in both upward and downward trends, allowing traders to strategise accordingly.
Adopting the flag pattern strategy necessitates flexibility. Some traders prefer a conservative approach, targeting quick returns, while others lean towards a more aggressive stance, in search of potentially bigger gains. Regardless of the approach, the flag pattern remains a pivotal tool for navigating stock market complexities.
In the world of stocks, the flag pattern is a helpful guide. It tells us there’s a small break in the current trend, but soon, things might pick up from where they left off. So, if prices were going up, they likely would continue that way after the break. And if they were going down, they might keep going down.
Many traders find this pattern reliable. It gives them a hint about where things might go next. But it’s essential to remember that no tool can predict the market perfectly. So, while the flag pattern can give you a clue, always double-check before making a move. Being careful and informed will help you make better decisions in trading.
StockGro is India’s first and largest ‘Social Investment’ platform aimed at helping you master the art of “Trading & Investment”. Trade, Invest and get rewarded to Learn everything about ‘Investments’ the fun-filled way.