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5 Key factors to trigger stock market performance in the next few months

Read on to discover what the future trend of the stock market will look like!

The recent Lok Sabha elections have set the stage for a new era in Indian politics and economics. With the election results behind us, the focus now shifts to the significant factors that will shape the Indian stock market in the coming months. 

The Nifty and Sensex indices have already shown positive reactions, with Nifty surging over 6.98 % and Sensex climbing 5.84 % since June 4. As we move forward, several critical events and policies will play a pivotal role in determining the market’s trajectory.


The Indian stock market is dynamic and constantly influenced by various factors. With the general elections concluded, market participants are eager to understand the next big triggers. 

From the upcoming Union Budget to the monsoon season, these factors will be crucial in shaping the market’s future. Let’s dive into the five key factors that will drive stock market performance in the next few months.

1. Monsoon season

In India, the monsoon season is a vital period for the agricultural sector, which in turn impacts the broader economy. A good monsoon can lead to a bountiful harvest, increased rural income, and overall economic growth. 

Conversely, a poor monsoon can result in agricultural distress and an economic slowdown. Investors will be closely monitoring rainfall patterns, their effects on agricultural output, and their impact on share prices.

2. RBI policies

The Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) monetary policies have a significant impact on the stock market. The central bank’s stance on interest rates will be particularly important. The RBI’s decisions are often influenced by global central banks, especially the US Federal Reserve. 

Whether the RBI will wait for the Fed to make a move or act independently is a point of anticipation. A potential rate cut by the RBI could stimulate economic growth and boost market sentiment. 

The current meeting of the RBI’s monetary policy committee, which concluded on June 7, 2024, kept the rate unchanged.

Read further on the key highlights of the RBI meeting here.

3. Upcoming budget for 2024-25

The Union Budget is one of the most significant events for the Indian stock market. Scheduled for presentation in July 2024, this budget will be closely watched for its fiscal policies, tax regulations, and economic reforms. 

Given the BJP’s inability to secure a clear majority, the budget’s direction will be crucial in setting the economic tone for the coming year. Market participants will be looking for measures that promote growth, boost investment, and support various sectors of the economy.

4. US Elections

While domestic factors are crucial, global events also play a significant role in shaping the Indian stock market. The upcoming US elections are one such event. The policies and economic direction set by the new US administration will influence global fund flows and investment decisions. 

Based on the US election outcomes, foreign investors’ actions will have direct implications for the Indian market. Investors will be closely monitoring the US elections to gauge potential shifts in global economic policies.

5. US Federal Reserve Rate decisions

The US Federal Reserve’s stance on interest rates has far-reaching implications for global markets, including India. The Fed’s approach to inflation and interest rates will affect global liquidity and investment trends. 

Despite the pressure to cut rates, the Fed has maintained a cautious approach due to ongoing inflation concerns. The coming months will reveal whether the Fed will stick to its higher-for-longer interest rate stance or opt for a rate cut. These decisions will influence global capital flows and, consequently, the Indian stock market.


In the next few months, these five factors will be instrumental in shaping the performance of the Indian stock market. The progress of the monsoon season, the RBI’s monetary policies, the Union Budget, the US elections, and the US Federal Reserve’s rate decisions will all play critical roles. 

Investors should stay informed and be prepared to adapt to these developments. By understanding and anticipating these factors, market participants can navigate the stock market’s fluctuations and make informed investment decisions.

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