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Indian government bond yield hits 7%: What investors need to know

As election uncertainty rattles India’s bond market, yields are on the rise. Let’s find out how this can impact you.

Uncertainty over the 2024 election results has sent shockwaves through Indian markets, with benchmark indices plummeting over 6% and government bond yields experiencing their steepest eight-month surge as of June 4, 2024. This dramatic rise, pushing the 10-year yield past 7%, demands closer examination.

In this article, we will explore the latest developments, the reasons behind the surge in bond yields, and how rising yields affect investors.

Latest news – Indian government bond yield surge 

Indian government bond yields saw a substantial increase, with the ten-year benchmark experiencing its most considerable rise in eight months. This rise coincides with early voting trends indicating a lead for the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) but with an uncertain victory margin.

India’s 10-year yield surged to 7.035% on June 4, marking its biggest one-day jump since October 6. This follows a rise earlier in the day to 7.0375%, the highest level in nearly two weeks.

A look at the Indian bond yield historical data reveals recent fluctuations, suggesting potential market uncertainty.


Further, the 3-year Indian government bond yield as of June 4 is 7.092, and the 1-year Indian government bond yield is 6.958

Must read: What is bond yield and how does it impact the market: A simple guide 

Reasons for the bond yield surge

A few reasons for the surge in Indian government bond yield are: 

  • Political uncertainty: The primary driver is the uncertainty over the upcoming 2024 general elections, causing investor concerns about future economic policies and reforms, leading to higher yield demands.  
  • Global market trends: Volatility in global bond markets due to geopolitical tensions and economic uncertainties affects the Indian bond market, thus affecting yields. 
  • Monetary policy expectations: Anticipated RBI actions regarding interest rates impact bond yields. If a rate hike is expected to combat inflation, bond yields may rise in anticipation of a tighter monetary policy.

What’s next? 

Experts noted that if the government secures only a weak mandate, it could impact the fiscal consolidation trajectory and potentially slow active foreign inflows, with passive flows being the main source of investment. This transition is expected as Indian bonds are poised to be included in JPMorgan’s debt index by the month’s end. 

Additionally, it is anticipated that the benchmark bond yields will stay within the 6.95%-7.05% range until the Reserve Bank of India’s monetary policy decision. While the RBI is predicted to maintain the repo rate and its stance, the focus will be on the central bank’s remarks concerning liquidity management and inflation.

Must read: Exploring the bond market for beginners 

How do rising yields impact investors?

The effects of increasing bond yields on investors are manifold:

  • Bond prices: Bond yields and prices share an inverse relationship. When yields rise, the prices of existing bonds decrease. This happens because new bonds come with higher yields, making the older bonds with lower yields less attractive.
  • Investment returns: For novice investors, higher yields translate into superior returns on new bond investments. Conversely, for current bondholders, the market value of their assets decreases, which could result in capital losses if they opt to sell before maturity. 
  • Interest rates on loans: A rise in bond yields can trigger an increase in interest rates on various loans, encompassing corporate loans and mortgages. This is attributed to the fact that financial institutions frequently use government bond yields as a reference point for determining the interest rates on their loans.

To gain a better understanding of the risk associated with bonds, investors can check the Indian government bond yield curve. 

The Indian government bond yield curve is crucial for investors as it provides them with the country’s economic outlook, interest rate expectations and overall market sentiment

By examining the shape and direction of the yield curve, it is possible to determine future changes in interest rates, inflation trends, and potential economic growth or slowdown. 

Also read: Government bonds in India – Meaning, types and features 


The recent surge in Indian government bond yields, which saw the 10-year yield surpass 7%, underscores the profound influence of political and economic instability on the bond market. Understanding the reasons behind bond yield movements and their implications can help investors navigate the complexities of the bond market.

By keeping a close eye on Indian bond yield historical data, investors can make well-informed choices and adjust their strategies accordingly. 

In conclusion, the bond market’s reaction to political events underscores the importance of stability and clear policy direction in maintaining investor confidence and ensuring favorable borrowing conditions for the government and businesses.

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