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Introduction to Doji candlestick

Let’s take a moment to admire the subtle yet powerful language of the market – the world of candlestick patterns. Amidst the vast lexicon of candles, there’s one pattern that stands out, evoking intrigue and excitement – the Doji candle.

Whether you’re new to the financial market scene or just curious about this captivating candlestick, you’ve landed in the right place. We’re about to dive deep into the world of the doji candlestick pattern.

Understanding the Doji candle

Doji candles are a basic candlestick pattern that encapsulates a fascinating aspect of market psychology. They symbolize a session where neither the buyers nor the sellers gain the upper hand, leading to a near-identical opening and closing price for that specific period.

In essence, a doji candle reveals a market scenario where both parties have fought a battle but reached a stalemate, effectively saying, “This round is a draw!”

The different faces of the Doji candlestick pattern

Though the core essence of a doji remains the same, it has various avatars or types, each telling its own tale.

  • Classic Doji: This is the purest form of the Doji candlestick. Here, the opening and closing prices are the same. The wicks (lines above and below the candle body) can be long or short, suggesting the price range during that period.
  • Long-legged Doji: Imagine a doji that went on an adventure, exploring both the highs and lows of the market. That’s the long-legged Doji for you. It has longer wicks, indicating a wider trading range and greater indecision among traders.
  • Dragonfly and gravestone Doji: Both these doji candlestick types are special. The dragonfly has a long lower wick and no upper wick, indicating sellers pushed the prices down, but buyers managed to pull it back up to the opening price.

On the other hand, the gravestone doji is the opposite. It showcases a session where buyers took the price up, but sellers came back with a vengeance, bringing it back to where it started.

The significance of the Doji pattern

The doji pattern signals indecision. It’s the market’s way of saying, “I’m not sure where to go next.” But it’s this very indecision that makes the doji a potentially powerful indicator.

  • Reversal signal: Often, when a trend has been running for a while, be it upwards or downwards, a doji can indicate a potential change in direction. It’s like the calm before a storm.
  • Continuation signal: Sometimes, the doji simply means a brief pause instead of signalling a reversal. The trend may continue in the same direction after this short break.

Interpreting the Doji candlestick pattern

Market situationAppearance of DojiPotential interpretation


Classic Doji
Possible trend reversal. The market might indicate a downturn or a brief period of consolidation before continuing upwards.


Dragonfly Doji
Strong reversal signal upwards. Sellers tried to dominate, but buyers made a comeback.


Gravestone Doji
Potential bearish reversal. The buyers tried to push the market higher, but the sellers pulled it back down, indicating their strength.

Sideways market

Long-legged Doji
Strong indecision. The market is undecided on which direction to take, suggesting a significant move might be on the horizon once a decision is made.

Bringing other factors into play

  • Volume: Volume is a great companion to the doji pattern. A doji with a significantly high trading volume can indicate a strong sentiment for a potential reversal or continuation.
  • Support and resistance: A doji can offer even more valuable insight if it forms near known support or resistance levels. For instance, a dragonfly doji near a support level in a downtrend could be a strong bullish reversal signal.

Busting a common myth about doji candlestick pattern

Many beginners believe that every doji they spot is a sign of a market reversal. This isn’t always the case. Sometimes, a doji merely indicates a pause in the ongoing trend, after which the trend resumes.

It’s vital to consider the broader context. What’s happening in the wider market? What are other technical indicators saying? Answers to these questions can provide more clarity.

Final words

The doji candle, with its many avatars, holds a mirror to the market’s soul. It tells tales of battles between bulls and bears, of days when neither side could claim victory.

The doji is a reminder that the market, like life, has moments of certainty and indecision. And it’s in understanding these subtle cues that you can truly become a master of the game. Happy trading!


Why is it called a Doji?

Doji is a term derived from Japanese which means ‘the same thing’.
The open and close prices of a doji candlestick are nearly equal, which is why the candlestick is called Doji.

Is Doji red or green?

A doji is red or green, depending on the opening and closing prices. When the opening price is higher than the previous day’s close, a green doji forms. In contrast, when the opening price is lower than the previous day’s close, a red doji forms.

Is doji candle a bull or a bear?

The doji does not have a fixed indication. It is neutral and can be either bullish or bearish, depending on the type of doji candle and where it appears. While some candles suggest bullish trends, others suggest a bullish reversal. The same is the case with bearish patterns, too.

Is the Doji pattern reliable?

No technical tool in the stock market is a guaranteed indicator of what the future holds. All of them are signs and warnings of what may happen. A candlestick is also a suggestion of what may happen and it is best used with other technical indicators to confirm trends.

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