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Understanding risk minimising option strategy: fiduciary call strategy
There are multiple stress-free ways to trade with options. These strategies involve how you can hedge your risks in the market.

fiduciary call

Options trading is a clever tool traders use to get more out of their market trading. And among the different strategies in options trading, there’s one called the “fiduciary call strategy.” It’s a smart way to trade that helps you handle risks while having a chance to make some gains.

What is a fiduciary call?

The fiduciary call strategy involves two primary components: buying a call option and simultaneously setting aside enough cash to cover the potential exercise of that option. This approach is rooted in risk management and serves as a protective measure to limit potential losses.

Also read: How to trade in options and maximise your profit?

Fiduciary call example :

An investor is looking to purchase 100 shares of ABC Corporation. Its share is trading at Rs.500 per share at the moment. The investor believes that the stock has the potential to appreciate shortly but is concerned about short-term market fluctuations.

To protect against potential downside risk while participating in any price appreciation, the investor decides to execute a fiduciary call strategy. 

The investor buys a call for 100 shares of ABC Corporation. The strike price is at Rs.550 per share. Simultaneously, the investor invests an equivalent amount of money in a risk-free asset, such as a government bond or a fixed deposit with a face value of Rs.55,000 (100 shares x Rs.550 per share).

The investor has created a protective position using the fiduciary call deposit strategy.

Imagine a situation where the price of ABC Corporation’s stock price rises above Rs.550 on or before expiry. The investor can then exercise the option at the strike price and buy the shares at a lower price, realising a profit. 

On the other hand, if the stock’s price falls or remains below Rs.550 per share, the investor’s loss is limited to the premium paid for the call option, as the risk-free bond investment serves as a hedge.

Fiduciary call formula

The formula for calculating the profit or loss from a fiduciary call position depends on the specific details of the call option and the risk-free asset involved. 

Here is a formula to calculate the return from a fiduciary call:

Profit/ loss = (stock price at expiration - strike price of call option) - premium paid for call option + interest earned from risk-free asset

In this formula:

The stock price at expiration is the price of the underlying stock at the expiration date of the call option.

The strike price of the call option is the price at which the investor has the right to buy the stock.

The premium paid-for-a-call option is the cost of buying the call option.

Interest earned from a risk-free asset is the interest income earned from the risk-free asset over the same period.

Also read: Option chain for smarter online trading

Fiduciary call and protective put

A fiduciary call and a protective put are two distinct strategies, but they share similarities in their risk management objectives. Both strategies aim to protect an investor’s capital while allowing them to participate in potential price gains.

A protective put strategy entails purchasing a put option for a stock that an investor currently holds in their portfolio. This put option grants the trader the right to sell the stock at the strike price, offering a safeguard against potential losses,  in case the stock’s value declines. 

In exchange for this protection, the investor incurs a premium cost for the put option similar to the premium paid for a call option in a fiduciary call approach.

The difference between a fiduciary call and a protective put is in the choice of options:

  • In a fiduciary call, an investor buys a call option and invests in a risk-free asset.
  • In the protective put strategy, a trader buys a put option on a share they already own.
  • Both strategies protect against downside risk, but the fiduciary call allows investors to maintain exposure to an asset they do not own.

Advantages of using the fiduciary call strategy:

Saves money

When you use the fiduciary call strategy, you do not have to buy any shares until the contract ends. This means you will not be losing before you know the strategy’s outcome. 

Lower starting cost

Starting the fiduciary call strategy requires less money upfront compared to other methods.

Easy to use

You don’t need fancy software or complicated technology for fiduciary call strategies. They’re simple and accessible for regular investors. It’s a simple choice for fresh traders and investors who want to try their hand at options trading.

Also read: Futures vs. Options: Differences every investor must know!

Conclusion

A fiduciary call is a powerful tool that allows investors to protect their capital while participating in the potential upside of an asset. By combining call options with risk-free assets, investors can manage risk effectively and make informed investment decisions. 

Understanding the concept of fiduciary call is essential as these strategies can help individuals and institutions alike achieve their financial goals while minimising risks in an ever-changing market environment.

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StockGro Team

StockGro is India’s first and largest ‘Social Investment’ platform aimed at helping you master the art of “Trading & Investment”. Trade, Invest and get rewarded to Learn everything about ‘Investments’ the fun-filled way.

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