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A beginner’s guide to spike candlestick pattern

Candlesticks are widely used trading tools that help traders identify the current market trend. Traders use them to decide on entry and exit points for their trades and determine at what level they should place a stop loss to minimise losses.

Candlestick patterns come in many types, but today, we will focus on interpreting spike candlestick pattern n in detail.

What is a Spike Pattern?

A spike candlestick pattern is a significant formation on a price chart that signals a sharp and sudden change in market sentiment. A long wick and a small or non-existent body characterise this pattern. This pattern indicates a rapid price movement quickly rejected by the market. 

Spike Candlestick Pattern Example

Suppose Reliance Industries’ stock price has been showing an uptrend in the last few days. Suddenly, the company bagged some major projects that have further gained investors’ interest in this stock, compelling them to buy more, ultimately resulting in an unexpected share price spike. 

However, the Reliance Industries share will stabilise after the sudden jump at the next candlestick. The stock price dipped a bit more after a few trading sessions. 

For you as a trader, executing a trade at the lowest price point following the spike is best. However, redeeming your holdings when the returning candlestick closes is recommended here. This approach capitalises on the temporary high price point.

Use a stop loss just above the spike’s peak to maximise potential returns. 

What causes the formation of a spike candlestick pattern?

Before interpreting the spike candlestick pattern, understanding the reason behind its formation is crucial.

  • Sudden announcements or unexpected news can cause traders to react quickly.
  • Key economic indicators or data releases can profoundly impact market sentiment.
  • Shifts in the collective mood of investors that are driven by fear, greed, or panic
  • When a major player makes a significant trade, it can disturb the regular flow of the market.
  • A price breaking through a key resistance or support level can trigger rapid movement.
  • Unverified information can lead to overreactions in the market, creating spikes.
  • Political uncertainties or events can cause market volatility, often seen as spikes on the charts.
  • Events like mergers, acquisitions, or earnings reports can lead to quick price changes, forming spikes.

How to Identify Spike Candlestick Pattern?

For candlestick spike pattern identification, follow the steps below.

  • Identify the Pattern: Look for a candlestick with a long wick that stands out from the surrounding price action. The wick should be noticeably longer than the body, which should be relatively small.
  • Bullish Spike Pattern: This occurs when the price dramatically drops during the trading period but then recovers to close near the opening price. It suggests buyers have stepped in to push the price back up, indicating potential upward momentum.
  • Bearish Spike Pattern: Conversely, a bearish spike happens when the price shoots up but then falls to close near the opening price. This indicates that sellers have taken control, potentially signalling a downward trend.
  • Trading Volume: Pay attention to trading volume. A high volume during the spike suggests a stronger signal, as more traders are involved in the price movement.
  • Context Matters: Always consider the spike pattern within the broader market context. Look at the trend before the spike and other technical indicators to confirm the signal.
  • Use with Other Indicators: Combine spike pattern analysis with other technical barometers, such as MACD, RSI, or moving averages, for a more comprehensive trading strategy.
  • Risk Management: Implement strict risk management rules and set stop-loss orders to protect against false signals or sudden market reversals.
  • Practice Patience: Wait for additional confirmation after a spike pattern appears. Look for follow-up candlesticks that support the reversal signal before making a trade.
  • Avoid Chasing: Don’t chase the price after a spike. The opportunity for a profitable trade often comes in the aftermath as the market settles.

Integrating Technical Indicators with Spike Candlestick Pattern

Let’s discuss some of the indicators you can use with spike candlestick patterns for better trade decisions. 

  • Relative Strength Index (RSI): It gauges the speed and change of price movements. For spike patterns, an RSI reading above 70 indicates overbought conditions, while below 30 suggests oversold conditions. Traders look for divergence between RSI and price to predict potential reversals.
  • Moving Averages: Simple Moving Averages (SMA) and Exponential Moving Averages (EMA) help smooth out price data to identify the trend direction. A spike candlestick pattern that occurs near key moving averages, like the 50-day or 200-day SMA, can act as a confirmation signal for traders.
  • Bollinger Bands: These bands adjust themselves based on market volatility. A spike that touches or breaches the upper or lower band might indicate an overextended market, prompting traders to look for reversal signals within the candlestick patterns.
  • Average Directional Index (ADX): The ADX helps traders determine the strength of a trend. A rising ADX indicates a strong trend, which can be beneficial when trading spike patterns. A spike accompanied by a high ADX value could signify a strong momentum-backed move.
  • Stochastic Oscillator: This momentum indicator compares a specific closing price of an asset to a band of its prices over a certain period. A spike pattern with a stochastic reading in overbought (>80) or oversold (<20) territory may signal a reversal opportunity.
  • Fibonacci Retracement Levels: They help to identify potential reversal levels. Traders often look for spike patterns to form near key Fibonacci levels, such as 38.2%, 50%, or 61.8%, as these areas can act as support or resistance..
  • Commodity Channel Index (CCI): This index compares the ongoing price to an average price over a specific period. Spikes with extreme CCI readings can indicate overbought or oversold conditions, offering trade entry or exit points.


The spike pattern can occur in both bullish and bearish conditions. A bullish market may appear at the top of an uptrend, where an event or news causes prices to skyrocket momentarily before falling back to their original levels. Conversely, in a bearish market, the spike can form at the bottom of a downtrend, where prices plummet before quickly rebounding to where the fall began. For more information on stock trading, visit StockGro.


What is a spike candlestick pattern?

A spike candlestick pattern indicates a significant price movement within a short period. It is characterised by a long wick and a small body, showing a quick price rise before returning to the original level.

What causes a spike candlestick pattern to form?

Spikes are typically caused by unexpected news or events that rapidly change trader sentiment. This could be a sudden economic announcement, a geopolitical event, or a significant market player making a large trade.

Is a spike candlestick pattern bullish or bearish?

A spike can be either bullish or bearish. A bullish spike occurs when prices shoot up rapidly, while a bearish spike happens when prices drop just as quickly.

What time frames do spike candlestick patterns appear in?

Spike patterns can appear in any time frame, from minutes to days, but they are more significant in longer time frames, where they represent a more substantial shift in market sentiment.

What should I be cautious of when interpreting a spike candlestick pattern?

Be wary of overreacting to a spike. It is crucial to consider the spike’s context and to look for additional confirmation before making trading decisions.

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