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An introduction to what is MAPIN

The stock market carries certain risks. While many are aware of the volatility that, if not in favor, can wash away your returns, there is another type of risk: bogus trading and insider trading. To maintain the market’s integrity and protect investor interests, there should be a way to identify the transaction source. Considering this, the stock market regulator has introduced the MAPIN. In this article, we will cover what is MAPIN in detail. 

What is MAPIN?

MAPIN stands for the Market Participant Identification Number. It is a part of the Market Participants and Investors Integrated Database, created under the SEBI (Central Database of Market Participants) Regulations, 2003.

This unique code’s primary function is to help the SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) recognise people and businesses involved in the securities market. This covers SEBI-approved intermediaries, listed companies, their associates, and investors.

Different types of market participants 

Before you learn more about the MAPIN card, you must first know about the various market participants.

1. SEBI-registered intermediaries

They are authorised entities that act as a bridge between the securities market and investors. They include stockbrokers, depository participants, merchant bankers, underwriters, and registrars of an issue, among others. 

For example:

  • A depository participant is an NSDL or CDSL that provides services such as demat account opening, maintenance, and handling securities transactions.
  • A registrar of an issue maintains records of bondholders and shareholders after an IPO and manages applications, allotments, and refunds during IPOs. 

2. Listed companies

These are organisations whose shares are publicly traded on stock exchanges. These companies must adhere to SEBI’s regulations and disclosure requirements to ensure transparency and fair play. 

One example of a listed company is Reliance Industries Limited. It is a conglomerate listed on the BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange) and the NSE (National Stock Exchange). This company is known for its diverse businesses, from petrochemicals to telecommunications.

3. Associates of listed companies

This involves subsidiaries, auditors, legal advisors, and anyone linked to the listed company who can affect or be affected by its activities.

For instance, Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited is a subsidiary of Reliance Industries. This company works in the telecommunications field, and its turnover and profitability impact its parent company’s performance.

4. Investors

In the securities market, investors can be retail or institutional. Retail investors are individuals who acquire and sell securities for their personal accounts. In contrast, institutional investors are large organisations like mutual funds, pension funds, or insurance companies investing on their members’ behalf. 

An example of an institutional investor is the State Bank of India Mutual Fund. This fund house gathers money from individual investors and institutions to park their capital in a diversified portfolio of securities.

How to obtain MAPIN?

As an individual investor, to apply for a MAPIN in the Indian stock market, follow these steps:

  • Step 1: Choose a DP registered with either the Central Depository Services Limited (CDSL) or the National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL).
  • Step 2: Complete the Know Your Customer (KYC) forms and provide necessary documents such as a PAN card, address proof, and identity proof.
  • Step 3: Your DP will provide you with a Unique Client Code (UCC), which is essential for trading in the securities market.
  • Step 4: Apply for registration with the SEBI through your DP. This will involve filling out additional forms and providing more documentation as required by the regulator.
  • Step 5: Once SEBI processes and approves your application, you will be allotted a MAPIN. This number will serve as your unique identifier in the stock market. 
  • Step 6: With your MAPIN, you can begin participating in the stock market as an investor or other market participant.

Remember, the process may vary slightly depending on the DP you choose and the current regulatory requirements, so it is always best to consult with your chosen DP for the most accurate and updated information.

Importance of Market Participant Identification Number

Here is why MAPIN is important. 

1. Enhanced market integrity

Assigning a unique MAPIN to each participant allows regulators to easily track trading patterns and spot any unusual activities. This is vital for keeping the financial markets fair and stopping fraud.

2. Improved transparency

Using MAPIN boosts market transparency by connecting every transaction to its participants. This clear view is essential for regulators and investors alike to grasp how the market works.

3. Risk management

MAPIN aids in evaluating and controlling risk by pinpointing market participants who could pose a systemic threat. This is especially vital for thwarting market manipulation and safeguarding investor interests.

4. Operational efficiency

With MAPIN, the settlement and clearing process becomes more streamlined. It reduces the chances of errors and mismatches in trade settlements, leading to increased operational efficiency.

5. Investor confidence

The assurance that market participants are identifiable and accountable through their MAPIN boosts investor confidence. This is essential for the growth and stability of the financial markets.

6. Global standards compliance

MAPIN aligns India’s financial market with global standards of participant identification. This facilitates international transactions and attracts foreign investment.


Market Participant Identification Number (MAPIN) plays a vital role in the Indian securities market. It identifies individuals and entities involved in trading. This code enhances market efficiency and investor confidence by promoting transparency, integrity, and risk management. Read more on various financial concepts on StockGro. 


What is a Market Participant Identification Number?

An MPIN is a unique identifier assigned to market entities authorised to trade on the stock market. It is used to identify brokers, custodians, and other participants in the trading and settlement process.

How is a MAPIN different from a Client ID or DP ID?

A MAPIN is specific to market participants, while a Client ID is unique to each investor’s Demat account. NSDL or CDSL assigns a DP ID to depository participants, like banks and brokers.

How do investors apply for a MAPIN?

Investors can apply for a MAPIN through a registered Depository Participant. They must complete KYC forms, provide necessary documents, and apply for registration with SEBI through their DP.

Who are SEBI-registered intermediaries?

SEBI-registered intermediaries are authorised entities that connect investors to the securities market. They include stockbrokers, depository participants, merchant bankers, and underwriters.

What are the benefits of obtaining a MAPIN?

MAPIN enhances market integrity, transparency, and risk management. It also improves operational efficiency, investor confidence, and compliance with global standards.

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