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Understanding the descending triangle pattern in technical analysis

Are you confused about which technical indicator you should use in a bearish market? Here is an indicator that shows lower highs that resist falling below a horizontal resistance.

descending triangle pattern

Technical analysis is used to identify breakout patterns and strategies in different market phases. While trading in an uptrend is easy and most people can do it, trading in a downtrend is significantly challenging. One such pattern that holds significant importance in the downtrend is the descending triangle pattern. It is essentially the opposite of the ascending triangle pattern. 

What is a descending triangle chart pattern?

The descending triangle pattern is a bearish chart pattern where the price moves in lower high peaks and resists falling below a horizontal resistance. It is a continuation pattern that signals a fall in the price. This formation reflects a tussle between buyers and sellers, with sellers gaining, causing the prices to break down. If the price breaks below the resistance, the traders who shorted the security are likely to win. 

You may also like: What do these symmetrical triangle patterns suggest?

Understanding a descending triangle pattern

Existing continuous trend

To confirm the continuation pattern, there has to be an established downtrend. The strength of the trend is more critical than its duration, given the bearish nature of the descending triangle.

Lower horizontal line

The pattern’s lower part comprises at least two lows to form a horizontal line. It is okay if they are not too close. In that case, the trader can build a resistance level for the prices.

The upper descending trend line

The upper portion of the pattern shows at least two successive highs forming a falling trend line. These reaction highs should decrease, with some separation between them. The triangle pattern is invalidated if a more recent high equals or surpasses the previous one.

Pattern duration

Descending triangles can develop over various timeframes. It starts from a few weeks to several months. These patterns last one to three months.

The descending triangle pattern can emerge within an established uptrend in a bullish market showing strength and the likelihood of the uptrend continuing. However, traders should be able to recognise that this pattern of descending triangle pattern in an uptrend can yield false signals, offering no guarantees of trend continuation.

To determine a potential price target for a descending triangle pattern you can measure the vertical distance from the triangle’s peak to the horizontal support, typically represented as a percentage.

If this distance amounts to 10%, then the logical price target following a breakout would be 10% above the breakout point. This calculation involves adding the pattern’s height to the breakout level, providing traders with a reliable estimate of where prices might move once a successful breakout occurs. To manage risks effectively, it’s vital to accompany this strategy with a well-placed stop-loss order, typically positioned just below the breakout zone.

Also read: Understanding the ascending triangle pattern in technical analysis

How to trade a descending triangle pattern?

Identify the pattern

Start by identifying the descending triangle pattern on a price chart. Look for two or more falling peaks forming a descending trendline and two or more comparable lows forming a horizontal support line.

Entry point

Enter a sell position when the price breaks down below the straight support line. This breakout shows a continuation of the downward trend. To confirm the descending triangle pattern breakout, watch for a decisive price move below the support line, preferably with increased trading volume.

Stop-loss order

Manage your risks by using a stop-loss order. Place the stop-loss slightly above the straight support line with a buffer. It acts as a critical resistance level after the breakout. If the price reverses and rises above this level, it means that the breakout has failed and this is where the stop-loss helps to limit potential losses.

Price target or exit

Determine a price target for your trade. Measure the widest part of the falling triangle which is the vertical difference from the highest high and the straight support line. Subtract this from the breakout point to estimate a potential price target for the downward move.

Also read: Triangle chart patterns: A smarter way to technical analysis

Pros and cons of a descending triangle

Pros:

  • Bearish signal: Offers a clear bearish indication in a downtrend.
  • Structured trading plan: Provides well-defined entry and exit points.
  • Risk management: Stop-loss orders help control potential losses.

Cons:

  • False breakouts: Like any other pattern, false breakouts can be incurred leading to huge losses.
  • Market context: It’s essential to consider the broader market conditions before trading the pattern.

Conclusion

Descending triangle chart patterns can be easily identified on price charts and provide a target level based on the triangle’s maximum height. However, there is a risk of a false breakdown, where the expected downtrend reversal does not occur as anticipated.

Prices can also defy the typical characteristics of descending triangles by moving sideways or even higher for extended periods. In such cases, traders may need to adjust their trendlines if prices break out in the opposite direction of their initial expectations.

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StockGro Team

StockGro is India’s first and largest ‘Social Investment’ platform aimed at helping you master the art of “Trading & Investment”. Trade, Invest and get rewarded to Learn everything about ‘Investments’ the fun-filled way.

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