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What Are Thematic Funds: Know in Detail

Thematic funds have become a well-liked option for investors hoping to profit from particular topics and trends influencing different sectors and industries. The stocks of businesses centred around a particular theme are invested in by thematic funds. It is a subset of equity funds. These funds invest in industries related to a wide range of topics. It can be manufacturing, innovation, and even real estate. It also includes sectors like transportation and pharmaceuticals to avail new opportunities.

An in-depth evaluation inspection of thematic funds

Themed funds, sometimes referred to as thematic mutual funds, are an investment vehicle that concentrates on making investments in businesses related to particular themes or trends. Thematic mutual funds focus on niche markets driven by long-term trends, societal shifts, or disruptive breakthroughs, in contrast to standard mutual funds that might track broad market indices or sectors. Certain funds aim to beat more general market benchmarks by pursuing growth opportunities within certain thematic areas.

Key advantages of thematic funds

To understand what is thematic fund, it is important to analyse its benefits. These funds proffer three major advantages for investors, which are listed below.

  • Possibility of Higher Returns: Thematic funds may outperform general market indices by focusing on specialised areas with promising growth potential.
  • Portfolio Diversification: Thematic funds offer a chance to diversify investment portfolios. They do so by introducing investors to distinct themes and industries that may not be sufficiently represented in traditional types of assets.
  • Alignment with Investor Values: Choosing thematic funds that reflect their convictions can connect their portfolios with their values and interests.

Examining the investment techniques of thematic funds

Thematic investment funds focus on specialised markets fuelled by disruptive breakthroughs or long-term trends. It is also affected by societal alterations. Investors who wish to profit from these investment tools must comprehend the thematic investment strategies.

Investment attitude

Thematic funds usually utilise one of two investment approaches. It can either be top-down or bottom-up. Sometimes, a mix of the two is employed to pinpoint and profit from particular themes or trends. 

The top-down approach investigates macroeconomic patterns along with demographic shifts and technological developments. Changes in regulations also impact it. This extensive analysis is done to find broad themes with long-term growth potential. 

On the other hand, the bottom-up method concentrates on finding specific businesses that are well-positioned within a certain subject. Fund managers perform extensive research to identify firms with good fundamentals and promising growth potential.

Building a portfolio

Compared to ordinary diversified funds, thematic funds typically have a higher concentration in their portfolios because they build them around a particular theme or industry. Fund managers seek out businesses that are either directly associated with the selected subject or trend or stand to gain a great deal from it. When building a portfolio, one may:

Thematic funds are commonly associated with active management, which empowers fund managers to modify portfolio allocations in response to shifting market conditions, novel prospects, or evolving thematic patterns. This proactive strategy seeks to maximise profits and efficiently control hazards.

Fund managers strive to attain portfolio diversification to reduce individual stock risk, even if thematic funds may be concentrated in particular themes or industries. Investing in a variety of companies can help achieve variety.

Thematic fund sectors 

Thematic funds accommodate a broad spectrum of investor preferences and outlooks by covering a wide variety of subjects and industries. Several typical sectors and thematic themes are as follows:

  • Technology and innovation: Putting money into businesses leading the way in fields like e-commerce and advanced technology. The latter included cloud computing, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity.
  • Clean technology and renewable energy: This involves focusing on businesses engaged in green projects. It is more suited for those who want to benefit yet give back by dealing with clean technology and renewable energy.
  • Healthcare: As the name suggests, it involves investing in healthcare services. Pharmaceuticals and medical equipment are major parts of healthcare’s thematic investment. This type also includes biotechnology. 
  • Trends in consumer behaviour: This comprises studying consumer behaviour and trends. It includes some core industries like e-commerce and entertainment.

Sectoral thematic funds vs. sectoral funds

Sectoral funds and sectoral thematic funds may appear similar but are widely different. They have distinct features and investment attitudes. Understanding the differences is essential to experience the benefits of each fully. The basic differences are:

  • Thematic vs. sector focus: While sectoral funds concentrate just on a single sector or industry without being connected to a thematic theme, sectoral thematic funds or thematic funds invest in particular sectors or industries within a larger thematic theme or trend framework.
  • Long-Term patterns and performance: While sectoral funds try to capture the performance of certain sectors or industries within the economy, sectoral thematic funds try to capitalise on long-term thematic patterns driving particular sectors.
  • Management style: Sectoral thematic funds usually use active management, which enables fund managers to modify portfolio holdings in response to thematic trends. In contrast, sectoral funds may use either passive or active management.

Factors to consider before investing

Although beneficial, a few essential points need to be considered before investing in thematic funds. It is extremely important to examine the fund’s underlying topic or trend. This can help evaluate its potential hazards and long-term growth possibilities. 

It is also recommended to evaluate the fund manager’s experience and performance history in overseeing investments with a specific theme. Seek managers who have a thorough understanding of the selected topic or industry and a track record of producing alpha through hands-on management.

You should always recognise the dangers of theme investment. It can be volatility or concentration risk. There are also risks unique to a specific theme. Make sure the theme funds fit your risk tolerance and investing goals. A long-term investment is usually suggested for better results.


Investors have a rare chance to profit from specialised themes and trends through these funds. It also helps them associate with industries valuable to the world economy. Investors can potentially improve their investment profiles by making well-informed selections and considering important variables before investing by comprehending the investment strategy of thematic funds. Thematic investment necessitates meticulous examination and an extended viewpoint to navigate dynamic market patterns and seize expansion prospects.


What best characterises thematic investing?

An investment strategy known as thematic investing uses research to examine macroeconomic and geopolitical trends. It is future-oriented and monitors technical trends that are anticipated to change over time.

Are thematic and sector funds the same thing?

A sector fund usually concentrates on a single industrial group. Thematic funds offer a broader representation and concentrate on themes that might bring together companies from several sectors based on a shared theme.

What does thematic investment look like in practice?

The investment approach known as “thematic investing” is predicated on themes or worldwide trends thought to be upending the market. These themes can be artificial intelligence or electric cars. Many investors see these as having the potential to produce above-average market returns in the future.

What is the number of thematic funds available?

The addition of new sectoral funds is a major factor contributing to the rise in the assets of thematic funds. The overall number of thematic increased from 123 in October 2022 to 142 in October 2023, based on monthly statistics provided by the AMFI.

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